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Sequel to Award-Winning Film Reveals Hope for Lyme Sufferers

Sequel to Award-Winning Film Reveals Hope for Lyme Sufferers

Visit the Mercola Video Library Story at-a-glance – An estimated 329,000 Americans are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year and the prevalence is rising across the world Lyme disease is becoming more widely recognized as a real disease, and one that can have chronic consequences, but sufferers still meet plenty of resistance from the medical community and insurers The film reveals medical collusion and conflicts of interest that keep Lyme patients suffering, but ends on a hopeful note, showing how patients in the prequel have managed to improve their health and reclaim their lives
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 329,000 Americans are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year, although some data suggest it may actually be over 444,000. 1 While exact numbers are difficult to ascertain, what is known is that the prevalence is rising.
Since Lyme disease became a nationally notifiable condition in 1991, 2 the number of U.S. counties considered at high risk for Lyme disease has increased by more than 300%. 3 The disease is also expanding rapidly all over the world, 4 as new research presented in April 2019 shows that the outbreaks are creeping steadily into northern countries with less temperate climates.
Likewise, by the end of 2018 eight northern U.S. states had more Lyme disease cases than southern states like Florida or those with moderate climates like West Virginia and North Carolina. 5 In fact, Pennsylvania was leading the pack with 119,000 cases, according to the CDC.
Today, Lyme disease is becoming more widely recognized as an actual disease, but sufferers still meet plenty of resistance from the medical community and insurers. In years past, Lyme sufferers were often told their problem was psychiatric; in essence, the symptoms were “all in their head.” Under Our Skin
“Under Our Skin 2: Emergence” is a sequel to the award-winning and Academy Award semifinalist documentary ” Under Our Skin ,” 6 which exposed the hidden story of “medical and scientific malfeasance and neglect,” as thousands of people with Lyme disease go undiagnosed, or get misdiagnosed each year.
“Under Our Skin” had a tremendous impact raising awareness among patients, doctors and health authorities alike. Since the film’s release in 2014, the CDC has raised its estimated prevalence of Lyme more than 10 times, making it more prevalent than HIV and breast cancer combined in the U.S.
Even more importantly, scientific hypotheses presented in the film — such as the theory that Lyme organisms may thrive in biofilms, which helps explain why treatment is so difficult and recurrence so common — have now become widely accepted.
However, despite progress, Lyme patients still face an uphill battle. “Emergence” examines the deepening crisis, as prevalence is rising far faster than the evolution of diagnosis and treatment.
This article was originally published in 2016, and it’s been updated in 2019 in preparation for Lyme Disease Awareness Month in May in the United States. I believe this is the perfect time to share this important film once again, in case you haven’t seen it.
Around the world, controversy around Lyme disease continues to brew, and the film reveals medical collusion and conflicts of interest that keep Lyme patients suffering. The film ends on a hopeful note, however, by showing how patients in the original film have managed to improve their health and reclaim their lives. The History of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease was named after the East Coast town of Lyme, Connecticut, where the disease was first identified in 1975. 7 By 1977, the black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis , also known as the deer tick) was linked to transmission of the disease.
In November 1981, Willy Burgdorfer, Ph.D., discovered the bacterium responsible for the infection: Borrelia burgdorferi (B. burgdorferi), 8 a relative to the spirochete bacterium that causes syphilis . 9 The bacteria are released into your blood from the infected tick.
We now know there are about two dozen species of B. burgdorferi with hundreds of strains worldwide, 10 many of which show resistance to antibiotics, with the disease recurring when antibiotics are stopped. New research 11 shows that one reason for this may be that B. burgdorferi form protective biofilms around themselves, enhancing antibiotic resistance.
While not all the species are human pathogens, part of what makes B. burgdorferi such a formidable foe is its ability to take different forms in your body, depending on the conditions. This clever maneuvering helps it to hide and survive and ultimately to form these biofilms.
Its corkscrew-shaped form also allows it to burrow into and hide in a variety of your body’s tissues, which is why it causes such wide-ranging multisystem involvement.
Increasing the complexity further, some symptoms may also be due to coinfections triggered by other disease-causing organisms that like to travel with the B. burgdorferi bacterium. Many Lyme patients have one or more of these coinfections, which may or may not respond to any given treatment for B. burgdorferi.
To learn more about the symptoms and prevention of Lyme disease , make sure to check out the award-winning films “Under Our Skin” and “Under Our Skin 2: Emergence.” Advertisement Urban Sprawl Has Contributed to Rising Lyme Prevalence
Since the late 1970s, the spread of Lyme disease has primarily been blamed on deer. However, more recent evidence suggests rodents like mice and rats are a far more serious threat 12 , 13 and the rise in Lyme disease has been traced back to the elimination of natural predators.
Ticks are not born with the Lyme spirochetes. They pick up the bacteria when feeding on an infected host. 14 Research indicates that white-footed mice infect 75 to 95 percent of larval ticks that feed on them, while deer only infect about 1 percent.
According to a 1996 study, 15 rats are even more infectious than mice, noting that “the capacity of rats to serve as reservoir hosts for the Lyme disease spirochete, therefore, increases risk of infection among visitors to … urban parks.”
Another study 16 published the following year also found that Norway rats and black rats were exceptionally effective hosts, infecting nearly all ticks that fed on them.
The main predators of small rodents like mice and rats are foxes, birds of prey, skunks and snakes. 17 Agricultural and urban sprawl have decimated the habitats of these natural predators of mice and rats, allowing disease-carrying rodent populations to rise unabated.
Moreover, while snakes and birds of prey like hawks, falcons and owls are losing their natural habitats, the coyote population not only is thriving 18 in most states, but is also killing off the only predators of rodents left, namely foxes and cats.
A study 19 that looked at these factors found that increases in Lyme disease in the Northeast and Midwest U.S. in the past three decades consistently correlated to declines in red fox. It also found that as fox populations decrease and rodents increase, coyotes do not help control small rodent populations because they prefer much larger prey. Other Contributing Factors
Besides mice and rats, and to a lesser degree deer, Lyme can also be spread by other insects 20 , 21 besides ticks, including mosquitoes, lice, fleas and mites.
Complicating matters further, there’s yet another tick-borne disease on the loose. Researchers have identified a tick-borne illness that is very similar to Lyme, caused by Borrelia miyamotoi (B. miyamotoi). The CDC 22 describes B. miyamotoi as a distant relative to B. burgdorferi, being more closely related to bacteria that cause tick-borne relapsing fever. This disease is characterized by recurring episodes of fever, headache, nausea and muscle or joint aches.
This bacterium was first identified in Japanese ticks in 1995. Since then, it’s been found in several rodent species (and the ticks that feed on them) in the U.S., as well as in ticks feeding on European red deer, domestic ruminants and white-tailed deer. According to the CDC:15
“Given that B. miyamotoi uses the same vector ticks as B. burgdorferi and that the range of I. scapularis ticks continues to expand, it seems inevitable that the human population will be increasingly exposed to B. miyamotoi.” What Makes Lyme Disease Such a Challenging Disease?
Symptoms of Lyme disease typically start out with an expanding rash, which may be followed by fever, fatigue, chills, headaches and achy muscles or joints. According to the American Lyme Disease Foundation, these symptoms can be easy to overlook, so if you notice the rash, you should see your doctor right away. 23
The disease may then progress to muscle spasms, loss of motor coordination and even intermittent paralysis, meningitis or heart problems. For more information on identifying a Lyme disease rash, please see the ALDF website. 24
On an interesting side note, a 2014 paper 25 , 26 published in the journal Frontiers in Zoology argues that ticks should be reclassified as venomous, as their salivary proteins are similar to those found in scorpion, spider, snake and bee venoms. An estimated 8% of tick species are in fact capable of causing paralysis with a single bite.
The simplest presentation of Lyme disease is in the orthopedic forms, which tend to affect the larger joints. When the microbes and the associated immune reactions are situated in the connective tissue, the infection presents as a “vague, dispersed pain,” which is easily misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia.
A major challenge with Lyme disease is that its symptoms imitate so many other disorders, including multiple sclerosis (MS), arthritis , chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia and even Alzheimer’s disease, making proper identification difficult and time consuming 27 What’s worse, many Lyme sufferers outwardly look quite healthy and their blood work often raises no cause for concern, which is why Lyme disease has also been called “the invisible illness.” Better Diagnostics for Lyme Are Sorely Needed
A big problem facing Lyme patients and their treating doctors is the difficulty of reaching a proper diagnosis. 28 Conventional lab tests are unreliable, and one reason for this is because the spirochete has the ability to infect your white blood cells. 29 Lab tests rely on the normal function of white blood cells to produce the antibodies they measure. If your white cells are infected, they don’t respond to infection appropriately.
In order for blood tests to be truly useful, you need to be treated first. Once your immune system begins to respond normally, only then will the antibodies show up. This is called the “Lyme Paradox.” You have to be treated before a proper diagnosis can be made.
That said, I recommend the specialized lab called IGeneX because they offer highly sensitive tests for more outer surface proteins (bands), and can often detect Lyme while standard blood tests cannot. IGeneX also tests for a few strains of coinfections such as Babesia and Ehrlichia. Patients and Doctors Fight for Recognition of Chronic Lyme
As if the difficulties of getting a proper diagnosis and treatment were not enough, Lyme sufferers face additional hurdles when they don’t fully recuperate after the initial treatment. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), which publishes guidelines for a number of infectious diseases, declared in 2012 that: 30
“We sympathize with these patients’ suffering, but remain concerned that a diagnosis of so-called ‘chronic Lyme disease,’ suggesting that active infection is ongoing, is not supported by scientific evidence and, more alarmingly, the treatment of long-term antibiotic therapy will do patients more harm than good.”
As of April 24, 2019, this statement remained on IDSA’s official Lyme disease website. 31 IDSA’s 2006 clinical practice guidelines 32 for Lyme disease claim that Lyme is easily cured with with 10 to 28 days of antibiotics. However, the references they base this on reflect a clear bias. Of the 400 references they cite, half are based on articles written by their own people.
After then-Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal opened an ethics investigation on them, 33 an antitrust investigation into IDSA’s panel members revealed rampant conflicts of interest. But, unfortunately, such discoveries did not result in positive change, as the IDSA followed up with its own “independent” panel review, which concluded that the IDSA’s guidelines were “medically and scientifically” justified 34 and that the authors “did not fail to consider or cite any relevant data.”
As a result, chronic Lyme patients continue having to fight for their right to treatment, as IDSA’s guidelines have sweeping impacts on Lyme disease medical care. Insurance companies frequently restrict coverage for long-term treatment based on IDSA’s guidelines. Physicians’ treatment decisions are also guided by its recommendations.
Opposing IDSA is the International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society, the members of which argue that many patients suffer long-term consequences and require far longer treatment than recommended by IDSA.
Acknowledging that the two entities’ guidelines conflict, 35 the Institute of Medicine noted that “conflicting guidelines most often arise when evidence is weak, organizations use different assessment schemes or when guideline developers place different values on the benefits and harms of interventions.” Signs of Slow but Steady Progress
There are signs of progress though:
• In 2015, a new Lyme research center attached to the rheumatology division at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center was created. Led by Lyme researcher Dr. John Aucott, the research center focuses on biologic disease mechanisms of Lyme and on improving the accuracy of diagnostic tests for it. 36
• In February 2016, lymedisease.org reported that the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, “a federal database that provides treatment information to health care professionals and insurance companies,” had removed IDSA’s treatment guidelines from its website, leaving only ILADS guidelines. 37
The IDSA guidelines are also due for revision, although major changes are probably unlikely. On the upside, IDSA reluctantly agreed to include a Lyme patient on its guideline’s panel, after being pressured by Lyme disease advocate groups, patients and U.S. Congressmen. As of April 2019, the IDSA reports having three patients with confirmed Lyme disease and one parent of a child with confirmed Lyme disease on its panel. 38
However, until the IDSA guidelines are updated — for which there is no known deadline as of yet even though the agency sought public comments for it in 2015 — ILADS treatment guidelines are the only ones listed by National Guidelines Clearinghouse. Instead, the IDSA is choosing a wait-and-see position as they study the concerns brought up in the public commentaries. 39
• At the end of June 2016, the Delaware Senate and House passed HB 291, which created an oversight board to educate health care professionals about Lyme disease. 40 In April 2019, the Global Lyme Alliance joined Delaware’s Lyme Disease Education Oversight Board to partner in launching an only Lyme disease course for physicians and other health care professionals. 41
• On July 31, 2016, the Massachusetts Senate passed the Lyme disease insurance bill (H4491), joining the state’s House in overriding their governor’s veto of the bill. The new law took effect immediately, calling for mandatory insurance coverage for the long-term treatment of chronic Lyme, setting a precedent for other states to follow. 42
• In August 2018 scientists announced that they’d found that two antibiotics, ceftriaxone and vancomycin, cleared the B. burgdorferi infection when the standard antibiotic, doxycycline, did not. 43 Take Prevention Seriously
Considering the difficulty of diagnosing and treating Lyme disease , taking preventive measures should be at the top of your list: Avoid tick-infested areas, such as leaf piles around trees. Walk in the middle of trails and avoid brushing against long grasses path edgings. Don’t sit on logs or wooden stumps. Considering the high infection rate of rats, you’d be wise to take precautions if you’re in an area where rats have been sighted. Wear light-colored long pants and long sleeves, to make it easier to see the ticks. Tuck your pants into socks, and wear closed shoes and a hat, especially if venturing out into wooded areas. Also tuck your shirt into your pants. Ticks are very tiny. You want to find and remove them before they bite, so do a thorough tick check upon returning inside, and keep checking for several days following exposure. Also check your bedding for several days following exposure.
As for using chemical repellents, I do not recommend using them directly on your skin as this will introduce toxins directly into your body. If you use them, spray them on the outside of your clothes and avoid inhaling the spray fumes. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a list 44 indicating the hourly protection limits for various repellents.
If you find that a tick has latched onto you, it’s very important to remove it properly. For detailed instructions, please see lymedisease.org’s tick removal page. 45 Once removed, make sure you save the tick so that it can be tested for presence of pathogenic organisms. About the Director
I believe in bringing quality to my readers, which is why I wanted to share some information about the director, Andy Abrahams Wilson, from “Under Our Skin 2: Emergence.” We sat down with Andy to learn a little more about what goes in to making these films. Thank you to Mr. Wilson for sharing with us. What was your inspiration for making this film?
Lyme disease is a canary in the coal mine and case study for what’s poisonous in both our environment and our science. At the epicenter a tiny microbe looms, providing a powerful symbol for an issue that is hidden and lurking — so small yet immense, so real but unrecognized. What has gotten under our skin is not just a microorganism, but a lethal system which has abandoned some of the most needy and threatens us all.
Our own human skin is a microcosm of the earth, and the extent to which the Earth’s body is out of balance, so is our own. With “Under Our Skin” and its sequel “Emergence,” it is my mission to show the horror of an illness and an ill system that too long has been ignored. But I also want to show the human and natural beauty right next to it. Sometimes indistinguishable, the beauty and horror are intertwined.
If the films merely perpetuate the idea that the natural world is perilous, or that human nature is corrupt, we miss out on the beauty that surrounds us. On the other hand, if we are lulled by convention and don’t look beneath the surface, we risk infection by the equally dangerous maladies of ignorance and indifference. What was your favorite part of making this film?
As the director, my favorite part of the film was being a witness to the hundreds of Lyme sufferers interviewed through the four years of production. This witnessing can be incredibly healing, especially for people whose voices have not been heard or validated. Of course, once the film was completed, the personal stories about how the film changed — or even saved — people’s lives was the icing on the cake. To create art that helps heal is the best reward possible. Where do the proceeds to your film go?
Open Eye Pictures, the production and distribution company behind the film, is a nonprofit specializing in films that educate and activate. All proceeds from the film go back into the mission of the company to bring awareness and impact change through film. We have an ongoing Lyme outreach and community engagement program which is supported solely by proceeds from film sales.
Together with your help we can continue to spread the word about this harmful disease so that we can take control of our health and the health of our children. We are offering a combo deal of Under Our Skin Parts 1 and 2 for a discounted price so be sure to take advantage of this great deal.

Tory-voting mum who attacked Tax Credit cuts on BBC is now a Labour councillor

A Tory-voting mum who savaged Tax Credit cuts on the BBC's Question Time four years ago is now a Labour councillor. Michelle Dorrell triumphed on Folkestone and Hythe Council last night as part of a “red crescent” that tipped the town hall out of Tory control.
The 38-year-old, a mum of 8 after her second marriage, shot to fame in 2015 when she tearfully confronted Tory MP Amber Rudd over Tax Credit cuts.
Michelle cried “shame on you” to Ms Rudd, now Work and Pensions Secretary, adding: “I thought you would be the better chance for me and my children.”
Her attack on the BBC's Question Time fuelled public outrage that eventually led to the cuts being scrapped by then-Chancellor George Osborne.
Read More Local election results in full: Summary of all 248 council polls across England Michelle Dorrell triumphed on Folkestone and Hythe Council last night (Image: Michelle Dorrell) Read More Local election results live: Every council declaration and result as it happens Since her outburst Michelle has been busy – joining Corbyn-backing group Momentum and becoming co-chair of her Kent town's Labour Party.
She stood for the Labour nomination for parliament last year in the Dover and Deal Labour Party but was the runner-up.
The businesswoman has also remarried, closed her beauty business and begun working with groups that help refugees and push for school funding.
She said today: “That Question Time moment was a wake-up call.
“Not only for me, but maybe hundreds of thousands more people, that actually we're not getting the real information.”
Michelle, who ousted Tories and UKIP after winning 639 votes in the East Folkestone Ward, said she stopped voting Tory after looked beyond the “mainstream media”.
Read More Local elections: Corbyn 'very sorry' for losses and admits Brexit was a factor She was elected despite Labour losing seats overall – which led to recriminations against Jeremy Corbyn for his Brexit policy (Image: PA) Video Loading Video Unavailable Click to play Tap to play The video will start in 8 Cancel Play now She added: “We were certainly expecting a lift but we weren't 100% sure what that would be.
“We did have some fantastic support on the doorstep. There was also a lot of despondency and apathy from voters on the doorstep, which is understandable because it isn't so long since I was in the same position.”
She was elected despite Labour losing seats overall – which led to recriminations against Jeremy Corbyn for his Brexit policy.
Remain-backing MPs want the leader to come down hard in favour of a second referendum and stop his “sitting on the fence” policy of keeping it as an option.
But Ms Dorrell, whose area backed Leave in 2016, said those MPs were a “distraction”.
She added: “I am fully behind the NEC decision – I'm fully behind the Labour plan.
“I'm what you would call a Lexiteer or a left leaver.”
Read More Local elections 2019 Results in full – all 248 councils Live updates as results pour in Furious Tory heckles May: 'Resign!' Tory MP weeps at Brexit backlash 'Sorry' Corbyn admits Brexit a factor Lib Dems hail 'best ever' night Woman, 87, turned away from poll Tories down, Labour struggle – explained

Universal Credit: Meet The Woman Taking On The DWP Over Her Daughter’s Death

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Australia Brasil Canada Deutschland España France Ελλάδα (Greece) India Italia 日本 (Japan) 한국 (Korea) Maghreb México Québec (en français) South Africa United Kingdom United States NEWS 04/05/2019 07:00 BST Universal Credit: Meet The Woman Taking On The DWP Over Her Daughter’s Death “I want to give them the heartache that I’ve had for two years.” 374 By Ewan Somerville Joy Dove pops into town on most mornings. Clutching a small handbag in the early light, she flashes her older person’s pass and sits peacefully as the bus weaves its way to the small Teesside town of Stockton.
But one point of the route haunts her. It’s where she passes the flat of her daughter Jodey Whiting.
“I can’t help it, every day I have to look up and she’s looking down,” her voice cracks. There’s a short silence before she says: “I’ve got all upset, it takes a lot for me to cry. It’ll never be the same.”
Days after her benefits were stripped, Jodey, 42, was found dead in her home, surrounded by farewell notes to her nine children.
Her grieving mother is now fighting to take the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) to court. The reason is devastatingly simple, she says: “I blame the DWP for my daughter’s death.”
Ewan Somerville Things became unbearable for Jodey after she missed one health review. Jodey’s death preceded the troubled rollout of Universal Credit , the government’s crisis-hit benefits scheme.
Under the scheme, claimants are paid in one monthly payments, rather than weekly or fortnightly. Universal Credit replaces housing benefit, child tax credit, income support, working tax credit, jobseeker’s allowance, and employment and support allowance.
A study in Gateshead last year said stress over Universal Credit was pushing some claimants to consider suicide and labelled the policy a “serious threat to public health”.
Joy now wants her daughter’s legacy to see a “massive shake up” of the current system. “Universal Credit is ridiculous and, if anything, I want it changed in my daughter’s name,” she told HuffPost UK.
“All I can think about is I’ve buried my daughter in a hole in the ground and she shouldn’t be there, she loved her kids, you shouldn’t be there Jodey.”
She cried and said ‘mam what am I going to do I can’t walk out the door I can’t breathe’. Jodey took 23 tablets a day to ease the agony brought by a curvature to the spine and a brain cyst. She was in hospital with pneumonia in Christmas 2016, and missed one health review.
The former shop assistant’s family say she was unaware the appointment even existed, but in February a letter arrived from the DWP telling Jodey her Employment Support Allowance was to be taken away.
Joy claims no job centre official met her daughter, likening it to “someone’s fate being decided behind closed doors.”
As impending council tax and rent bills mounted up, “she cried and said ‘mam what am I going to do I can’t walk out the door I can’t breathe’,” Joy said.
Despite attempts to challenge it, the benefits decision was final. “Jodey said ‘I’m going to go to sleep now I love you mam’.” Those were her final words.
Joy knew something wasn’t right the next morning. “We took the key, walked in the passage and just saw her there. We just started screaming and Jodey’s girls all started screaming.”
That day will never leave Joy’s mind; a day when 10 children lost a grandma, nine children lost a mother, and she lost her “best friend”.
“No mother should have to go through that vision, which is with me every day through the DWP’s failings,” she said.
Ewan Somerville Jodey left behind nine children and 10 grandchildren. An Independent Case Examiner found “multiple failings” by the DWP, including officials ignoring their own safeguarding guidelines that could have saved Jodey, and the repeated lack of apology to the family.
“They sent out a letter saying ‘you’re fit to work’ while my daughter was in the undertakers,” Joy said. “It was disgusting.”
The report also ruled that the “blunt and insensitive” DWP apologise to Jodey’s family and pay them £10,000 compensation.
Joy calls it “blood money,” not compensation. “It sickened me,” she said. “They tried to get away with it but they didn’t offer it. What’s the cost of my daughter’s life?”
She believes the failings that cost Jodey’s life remain structural in Universal Credit, after numerous accounts have emerged of disabled claimants like Jodey being driven to destitution . “It’s frightening for everyone, it needs changed,” she said.
“It’s heartbreaking, all these people that need this support from the government and they’re getting treated like rubbish. It’s such a waste of life.”
Ewan Somerville Joy (left) says she wants to ‘frighten’ the DWP. Joy’s fight is snowballing by the day, with eight families gathering around a Justice for Jodey petition on the parliament website, signed by nearly 37,000 people since March.
The petition demands that the “institutionally disablist” DWP face an independent inquiry over deaths linked to benefits and any evidence of misconduct by officials be presented to the police.
Among the signatories is filmmaker Ken Loach, who phoned Joy in early April to express his “disgust” at her case, Joy said. She also said the filmmaker believes that things have deteriorated since his film I, Daniel Blake.
Joy handed two years’ worth of job centre correspondence and medical evidence to solicitors on 26 April, in the hope she will be granted legal aid to advance her case. She expects to have a result as early as this week. If she fails, she says she will rely on crowdfunding to pay for a lawyer.
The DWP responded to the petition on April 8 insisting it had “apologised unreservedly for the failings in the case of Ms Whiting” but that it “has no plans to hold an inquiry into the deaths of claimants.”
“I want it for the people, I want it for Jodey’s poor kids,” Joy said of her campaign. “They’re older now and I get them saying you sound like mam and look like mam there. They’re coping with it in their own way but it’s horrible.
“The DWP who were supposed to care for her and they did not.
“I want to frighten [the DWP] and to give them the heartache that I’ve had for two years, the heartache that’ll never go away.”
Samaritans offers a listening service which is open 24 hours a day, on 116 123 UK and ROI – this number is FREE to call and will not appear on your phone bill.)
Mind , open Monday to Friday, 9am-6pm on 0300 123 3393.
Get Connected is a free advice service for people under 25. Call 0808 808 4994 or email: help@getconnected.org.uk
Ewan Somerville Freelance journalist

Line Of Duty Theories: We Asked Real Police Officers To Help Solve The Case

Fugitive Hunted For Abducting Three Women Wanted Over Two More Kidnappings Tributes To ‘Happy, Polite’ Boy, 13, Who Died After Falling Into Sea Man Dies After Car Ploughs Into Pedestrians In East London Belfast Marathon Organisers Apologise After Course Is 0.3 Miles Too Long Politics The Waugh Zone Theresa May Jeremy Corbyn Tories Brexit Labour Conservative Party Would ‘Lose Four Million Votes’ If It Copies Nigel Farage, Warns Development Secretary Sunday Shows Round-Up: Labour-Tory Brexit Deal ‘Very Close’ Or ‘Very Difficult’ John McDonnell Says Theresa May Can Not Be Trusted Over Brexit Talks This Week’s Elections Are Another Step Down The Path To Welsh Independence Entertainment Celebrity Celeb Galleries Film Music TV Drama Daytime TV Binge TV Entertainment Insider Good Vibes Only Killlng Eve’s Jodie Comer Details ‘Weird Experience’ When 4 Male Fans Waited At An Airport For Her George R.R. Martin Reveals 3 Game Of Thrones Spinoffs Are Moving Ahead The 7 Biggest Questions We Have At The Game Of Thrones Series 8 Halfway Point Has The Line Of Duty Finale Leaked? Fans Claim To Have Seen Series 5 DVDs On Sale In Sainsbury’s Lifestyle Health Mental Health Humankind Sourced Fitness Dating & Relationships Food Wellbeing Women Men Everybody Travel Home And Garden Tech Your iPhone Is Overstating Its Battery Life, According To New Tests Woman Houses Hundreds Of Bats In Her Home Five Things I’ve Learned About Surviving Tinnitus Fenty Beauty Is Launching In A Boots Near You – This Is Not A Drill Finds Beauty Homes Food Travel Christmas Parents Parents-To-Be New Parents Family Family Time Thriving Parents Parent Voices Congratulations, Jacinda! 9 Couples Tell Us What It’s Like Getting Married After Having Kids The Things To Always, And Never, Expect When Parenting Two Children Prince Harry Cancels Trip To Amsterdam As Nation Awaits Royal Baby Announcement This Woman Had A Message For The Man Who Tried To Grope Two Schoolgirls Video MORE Comedy Style What’s Working Pregnancy Featured Travel Home And Garden All Sections News Latest News Global News Crime Royals HuffPost Listens – Birmingham Austerity Bites Life Less Ordinary Sourced Politics The Waugh Zone Theresa May Jeremy Corbyn Tories Brexit Labour Entertainment Celebrity Celeb Galleries Film Music TV Drama Daytime TV Binge TV Entertainment Insider Good Vibes Only Lifestyle Health Mental Health Humankind Sourced Fitness Dating & Relationships Food Wellbeing Women Men Everybody Travel Home And Garden Tech Finds Beauty Homes Food Travel Christmas Parents Parents-To-Be New Parents Family Family Time Thriving Parents Parent Voices Video FEATURED Travel Home And Garden MORE Comedy Style What’s Working Pregnancy Feedback Terms | Privacy Policy © 2018 Oath Inc. All rights reserved.
Australia Brasil Canada Deutschland España France Ελλάδα (Greece) India Italia 日本 (Japan) 한국 (Korea) Maghreb México Québec (en français) South Africa United Kingdom United States ENTERTAINMENT 03/05/2019 12:18 BST | Updated 1 hour ago Line Of Duty Theories: We Asked Real Police Officers To Help Solve The Case Can a bunch of experts give us the answers we’re all searching for? By Ash Percival Line Of Duty is *the* show everyone is talking about right now, and with the final episode just around the corner, anticipation for answers to the case is currently at fever pitch.
Everyone has their own theories – many of which we’ve already explored – but what do people with genuine police experience make of Operation Pear Tree? Have they got their own proof of who H is?
Ahead of Sunday’s finale, we spoke with serving and former police officers to see if they’ve cracked the case, and this is what we uncovered…
‘Fleming is H’ PC Liam Roberts – Metropolitan Police Service
BBC First things first; Hastings is not H. I will always champion Superintendent Hastings (and his luscious locks). He is clearly being set up.
I allege that DI Kate Fleming is H. A criminal who infiltrates the Police and then applies for a job in Anti Corruption, going up the slippery ladder in order to investigate bent coppers then use them for her own gain.
There’s a look in her eyes that I don’t trust – there’s a coldness. She is a rat and I believe it will be DS Arnott that flushes her out.
I’m also still expecting some sort of twist where Lisa McQueen is involved. If she was a hardened criminal in the OCG, why did she shed a tear when Corbett was killed?
‘Someone high up in the local authority is the one in control’ Ex-PC Janine Pipe – Wiltshire Constabulary
BBC I don’t think the so-called head of the OCG is police. There is obviously a whole plethora of officers involved but I think the answers lie in social services.
Way back in series one, when Ryan Pilkington was interviewed after his arrest for the gang’s attack on DS Arnott, his social worker was called Jane Hargreaves. We now know for certain that DCS Lester Hargreaves was bent, but I believe he was helping the OCG for a lot longer than his recent brothel visits and that he was related to Jane – possibly his spouse, but more likely siblings.
Working for social services means Jane would have perfect means and opportunity to have had contact with Lisa McQueen, who we know was in the care system. She has also groomed Ryan Pilkington throughout. Someone, high up in the Local Authority is the one in control.
Hastings has been framed as H by ex-DCI Moffatt and Gill Biggeloe, who are both in cahoots with the OCG.
In fact, I don’t think the so-called H exists at all. The concept originated from DI Fleming’s interpretation of DI Cottan’s dying declaration. He had been completely duplicitous up until then, so why would he suddenly choose that very last moment to assist? He was bleeding to death and as the blood left his body it would impact on his brain capacity – did he even understand?
She also seemed very keen for it to be H, and I think she is complicit in it all. She is trained in undercover operations, confident in a double-role and also has a second mobile. Was it just Fleming’s calls to Richard Akers that DI Denton was referring to when she stated Fleming had an interesting call history back in series two?
‘Hastings IS H, but he’s not bent’ Former Superintendent Ron Winch – West Midlands Police, now Senior Teaching Fellow, Policing at Birmingham City University
BBC H is Hastings but he’s being framed and he’s not corrupt. The question is by whom? It has to be someone very close to the investigation and aware of Ted’s vulnerabilities – that means either Kate Fleming or Steve Arnott.
I believe we will see Hastings exonerated, leaving egg on the face of DCS Patricia Carmichael. She’s a great character and I think she will reappear as Hasting’s boss and the new ACC in the next series.
I expect Kate to be identified as framing Hastings as ‘H’ and she will be killed off in the finale. There is a lot of chatter about Steve Arnott having been offered the next series, and to my mind that rules him out.
I suspect that the other big reveal will be that Lisa McQueen is an undercover cop who will then appear as the new DI with AC-12 for the next series, in place of Fleming.
‘H isn’t a surname, but a position of a high ranking officer’ PC Natalie Perrett – Avon and Somerset Constabulary
BBC I think H is the DCC, Andrea Wise. I don’t think ‘H’ stand for a name, I think it means ‘head’, and she’s one of the the highest ranking officers. She’s the one who made the decision to pull AC-12 off Operation Pear Tree, and she seems very cagey. She might not have a main part but she’s the one with a hold over everything, and can control different officers and who can see what.
McQueen is also either an UCO for a different department, or she’s the daughter of Tony Gates and Jackie Laverty. She’s definitely got some ulterior motive to being part of the OCG – either she’s trying to get back at them for killing Jackie, or she’s a UCO and didn’t know Corbett was one too, but had to carry on because she was so deep in it.
There was mention as well that Corbett potentially could be Hastings’ son, because of the northern Ireland connection. It could be that Ted had an affair with Corbett’s birth mum, hence why he’s taken a vendetta against him and his wife?
Will any of their theories prove to be correct? Find out when Line Of Duty concludes on Sunday at 9pm on BBC One with an extended 90 minute episode.
READ MORE… The 8 Burning Questions Line Of Duty’s Penultimate Episode Has Left Us Asking Ash Percival Entertainment Editor, HuffPost UK

We Are Stuck With A Useless Government In A World At Risk

Fugitive Hunted For Abducting Three Women Wanted Over Two More Kidnappings Tributes To ‘Happy, Polite’ Boy, 13, Who Died After Falling Into Sea Man Dies After Car Ploughs Into Pedestrians In East London Belfast Marathon Organisers Apologise After Course Is 0.3 Miles Too Long Politics The Waugh Zone Theresa May Jeremy Corbyn Tories Brexit Labour Conservative Party Would ‘Lose Four Million Votes’ If It Copies Nigel Farage, Warns Development Secretary Sunday Shows Round-Up: Labour-Tory Brexit Deal ‘Very Close’ Or ‘Very Difficult’ John McDonnell Says Theresa May Can Not Be Trusted Over Brexit Talks This Week’s Elections Are Another Step Down The Path To Welsh Independence Entertainment Celebrity Celeb Galleries Film Music TV Drama Daytime TV Binge TV Entertainment Insider Good Vibes Only The 8 Questions The Line Of Duty Series 5 Finale Left Unanswered A Bit Confused By The Line Of Duty Finale? Here’s The Blockbuster Episode Explained Killlng Eve’s Jodie Comer Details ‘Weird Experience’ When 4 Male Fans Waited At An Airport For Her George R.R. Martin Reveals 3 Game Of Thrones Spinoffs Are Moving Ahead Lifestyle Health Mental Health Humankind Sourced Fitness Dating & Relationships Food Wellbeing Women Men Everybody Travel Home And Garden Tech Your iPhone Is Overstating Its Battery Life, According To New Tests Woman Houses Hundreds Of Bats In Her Home Five Things I’ve Learned About Surviving Tinnitus Fenty Beauty Is Launching In A Boots Near You – This Is Not A Drill Finds Beauty Homes Food Travel Christmas Parents Parents-To-Be New Parents Family Family Time Thriving Parents Parent Voices Congratulations, Jacinda! 9 Couples Tell Us What It’s Like Getting Married After Having Kids The Things To Always, And Never, Expect When Parenting Two Children Prince Harry Cancels Trip To Amsterdam As Nation Awaits Royal Baby Announcement This Woman Had A Message For The Man Who Tried To Grope Two Schoolgirls Video MORE Comedy Style What’s Working Pregnancy Featured Travel Home And Garden All Sections News Latest News Global News Crime Royals HuffPost Listens – Birmingham Austerity Bites Life Less Ordinary Sourced Politics The Waugh Zone Theresa May Jeremy Corbyn Tories Brexit Labour Entertainment Celebrity Celeb Galleries Film Music TV Drama Daytime TV Binge TV Entertainment Insider Good Vibes Only Lifestyle Health Mental Health Humankind Sourced Fitness Dating & Relationships Food Wellbeing Women Men Everybody Travel Home And Garden Tech Finds Beauty Homes Food Travel Christmas Parents Parents-To-Be New Parents Family Family Time Thriving Parents Parent Voices Video FEATURED Travel Home And Garden MORE Comedy Style What’s Working Pregnancy Feedback Terms | Privacy Policy © 2018 Oath Inc. All rights reserved.
Australia Brasil Canada Deutschland España France Ελλάδα (Greece) India Italia 日本 (Japan) 한국 (Korea) Maghreb México Québec (en français) South Africa United Kingdom United States THE BLOG 03/05/2019 16:33 BST | Updated 03/05/2019 16:33 BST We Are Stuck With A Useless Government In A World At Risk The two most senior politicians in the land, the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, are both grievously ill-equipped to do the jobs we pay them to do. Not comedians, not fascists, just rubbish, writes journalist Robin Lustig Robin Lustig Journalist and broadcaster ASSOCIATED PRESS Imagine a world in which no one can remember who Gavin Williamson was, all cars are electric, and gas-fired central heating is but a distant memory.
A fifth of our farmland is being used for growing trees or crops for the production of biofuels, and out in the North Sea, we’re not pumping up oil but pumping down CO2.
Well, I can dream, can’t I?
Thursday was one of those days when the sheer inadequacy of our politics was on display in all its tawdry splendour.
Westminster was agog with chatter about who leaked what to whom, whose skeletons will be next to come tumbling out of a cupboard, and whether a former chief whip and defence secretary of whom few people had heard was about to turn the drama series House of Cards into reality TV. And whatever else you do, don’t forget Cronus the tarantula. (If you don’t know what I’m talking about, count yourself lucky.)
Meanwhile, in another part of Crazytown, the grown-ups were discussing a report by the government’s committee on climate change, described by the business and energy secretary Greg Clark as a “seminal work [whose] impact will be felt for decades to come… one of the most important publications not just that we’ve had on climate in this country but around the world.”
In other words, nothing of importance. The future of the planet, or the future of Gavin Williamson? You choose… My point is to highlight the yawning gap that separates the capacity of our leading politicians from the scale of the task that faces them.
It is often said, for example, that a government has no more important duty than to protect its citizens from harm. You might have thought, therefore, that the job of secretary of state for defence should be held by someone with some experience of high office and a modicum of brain power. In other words, not someone like Gavin Williamson, whose considered response to the nerve agent attack on Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury last year was to tell Russia to “go away and shut up”.
You might also have thought that the job of foreign secretary, at a time when the UK was facing its most complex and sensitive foreign policy challenge of recent times – how to extricate itself from an international organisation of which it had been a member for more than forty years – should go to someone with at least a minimum degree of diplomatic skill. In other words, not someone like Boris Johnson.
It would be funny if it weren’t so serious. (And don’t even get me started on Chris Grayling, whose continued presence in government provides incontrovertible proof of the accuracy of the so-called Peter Principle: that in any organisation, an individual will be promoted until they reach their level of incompetence.)
Why is it serious? Because useless government breeds contempt for government – and contempt can too easily translate into votes for someone like Nigel Farage. (The overnight results from Thursday’s local elections suggest that both the Tories and Labour have been hammered – and that’s even without Mr Farage putting up any candidates.)
Barring some political miracle which would see Theresa May and Jeremy Corbyn hugging each other deliriously in an orgy of Brexit-induced passion, cheered to the rafters by their adoring backbenchers, we shall soon be asked to vote in the European parliament elections for MEPs who may well be out of jobs again before they’ve even had time to book their next trip to Brussels.
The likelihood is that Mr Farage and his unlovely bunch of acolytes – not to be confused with Ukip 2.0, which regards the Farageist Brexit Party as little better than apostates – could emerge with the most votes. It would be an appalling indictment of a broken politics, in which too many voters have seen the government for what it is – a dysfunctional, incompetent administration that has proved beyond doubt that it is not fit to govern – and drawn the logical conclusion: kick them where it hurts and let good old pint-swilling, straight-talking Nige have a go.
That’s what the Italians thought when they first discovered Silvio Berlusconi, Mr Bunga Bunga, in the 1990s. It didn’t turn out too well, alas, so now they’ve decided instead to try Matteo Salvini of the proto-fascist League party. (He’s the charmer who said yesterday that he wants lots of votes for ‘nationalist’ parties because ‘to leave behind an Islamic caliphate with sharia law in our cities is not something I want to do and I’m going to do everything in my power to avert this sad ending for Europe.’)
The Ukrainians, on the other hand, have gone for a TV comedian who made his name pretending to be a president, so is clearly qualified to be president. But given that the UK is a country whose Cabinet has included Boris Johnson, Chris Grayling and Gavin Williamson, I would suggest that we really are in no position to mock. Why be satisfied with just one comedian when you could have three for the same price?
It’s not as if we don’t have several competent politicians: there are plenty of them, both in parliament and elsewhere. Some have been striving mightily to extricate us from the Brexit quagmire. The inescapable tragedy, however, is that the two most senior politicians in the land, the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, are both grievously ill-equipped to do the jobs we pay them to do. Not comedians, not Fascists, just rubbish.
The risk the country faces is that their all-too-evident shortcomings will encourage too many voters to turn in desperation to the clowns, conmen and charlatans. So if the European elections do go ahead in three weeks’ time, our duty is clear: to resist the temptation to sit on our hands and refuse to vote for any of them, and to cast our votes instead in a way that will show Westminster and the world beyond that the UK has not yet entirely succumbed to insanity.
Given what I have said above, you may have little difficulty guessing how I intend to vote, but I will spell it out in more detail nearer the time. For now, I’ll just say that I’m looking for a party whose slogan could be boiled down to something along the lines of ‘For a fairer Britain, in a better Europe, in a greener world.’
Meanwhile, if you still haven’t registered to vote, you have until next Tuesday to do so. You can do it online by clicking here .

2 Comments

  1. Sammy September 15, 2019
  2. Santo September 27, 2019

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