Is it time we gave nuclear power another chance?

Is it time we gave nuclear power another chance?

Image credit: hrui via Getty Images Is it time we gave nuclear power another chance? Clean, green and capable of powering an energy-hungry future… right? Image credit: hrui via Getty Images Sponsored Links
350 parts per million. That’s the figure scientists agree is the “safe” upper limit of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. Beyond that point, it’s increasingly likely that our planet will become inhospitable for the humans that cling to its surface. Crops will fail, sea levels will rise and millions, if not billions, will die in catastrophic weather events. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Mauna Loa Observatory reports that levels have now reached 409.9 parts per million .
Thanks to our ceaseless desire for more power, that number isn’t going to shrink any time soon. The International Energy Agency’s 2018 report found our energy demand has risen by 2.3 percent, the highest rise in a decade. Unfortunately, much of that demand was met by burning more fossil fuels, releasing even more CO2 into the atmosphere.
The hope is that the global economy can transition to carbon-free sources of energy before catastrophe strikes. There is another fuel technology that we already know works; one which offers a potentially limitless supply of low-carbon energy. It’s cheap, certainly in the long term, and could radically reshape the way that we think about power, on paper, at least. For a variety of reasons, nuclear power has been benched and is currently contributing a lot less than it could to our global energy needs. Is it time we gave nuclear energy another shot? Our fault
Nuclear energy currently produces around 11 percent of the world’s power, all of which is classified as “low-carbon energy.” There are around 450 reactors in operation across 30 countries, with France being the most enthusiastic user of the technology. Several people have recently made the case for nuclear to be hauled off the bench and put back into service. Bill Gates, who has invested in nuclear startups, has lobbied congress to fund experiments in new nuclear energy. Soon after, three notable academics published a New York Times editorial titled “Nuclear Power Can Save The World.”
Their thesis, put simply, is that renewables are expensive and cannot yet be relied upon to deliver energy 24/7. The trio says that, in Germany, despite large investment in renewables, the country’s carbon emissions have yet to fall. And while other options, like hydroelectricity and geothermal, have their place, they are closely tied to favorable local geographies. If we are to save the world then we need to convert everything we use to electricity, rather than other fuel sources, and start building a fleet of nuclear reactors.
What is nuclear power?
“Our world is made of atoms,” explained Katie Mummah, a nuclear engineer at the University of Wisconsin, “the smallest building blocks of matter.” Elements at the bottom of the periodic table are chock-full of atoms, which makes them both heavy and unstable. “If you take a neutron and hit [one of these unstable elements], your atom can break apart, which is better known as fission,” she added.
The laws of physics dictate that for however much energy you expend, you’ll only receive a portion of it back, with the rest lost as heat or other waste. Nuclear power thumbs its nose at this principle because breaking apart a fundamental component of the universe releases far more energy than is spent breaking it. That makes it ideal for use as an energy source since you get more out than you put in.
This process is relatively simple because we have an abundant supply of raw material that can be processed for fission. Place a large quantity of an unstable element, like uranium 235, next to a source of “slow” neutrons, and you’ll get a chain reaction of energy. It’s not a perpetual motion machine, but the chain reaction inside nuclear fission becomes self-perpetuating until the fuel expires.
There are other efficiencies that nuclear energy offers compared to other sources of power, including its (relative) size. “A commercial reactor here in the US,” said Mummah, “has a cylinder about 12 feet tall and 12 feet in diameter, producing enough energy for around a million homes.” Mummah says that there is enough uranium available to satisfy Earth’s energy needs for several centuries. Light-water reactors explained Click Here
The majority of nuclear reactors operating today are light-water reactors (LWRs) and are like enormous kettles. It may have been nuclear scientist Leslie Dewan who first said nuclear power “is just a fancy way of boiling water,” but it’s the best explanation of how LWRs work.
A nuclear reactor generates heat, boiling a body of water, known as the primary coolant, which sits in a closed loop of pipes. This primary coolant is then run through a heat exchanger to a second circuit of water and, sometimes, a third. Using heat exchangers has two key benefits: It makes the process safer and prevents all but the primary coolant from being irradiated.
The boiling secondary (or tertiary) coolant evaporates to steam, driving a turbine connected to a generator. That creates the energy necessary to power the local grid at a constant rate, with very little downtime in normal operation.
LWRs are often built next to bodies of water and generally have very large cooling towers that pump out billowing white clouds. That is the excess steam generated by the tertiary coolant, and neither the steam or the water nearby is ordinarily exposed to radioactive material.
The first benefit of nuclear power is its sheer energy density, said Katie Mummah, especially given the demands of domestic homes. In the US, the Energy Information Administration says the average home consumed 10,399kWh of power in 2017. To generate that much energy, you’d need to burn slightly less than a ton of crude oil, or its equivalent. By comparison, a single kilogram of enriched uranium in a nuclear reactor will generate enough energy to power 104 homes for a year. With a ton of the stuff, you can power more than 104,000 homes for a year. America’s largest nuclear plant, Palo Verde in Arizona, has a maximum output of 3,937MW, enough power to, it’s claimed, supply energy to more than four million people .
“Nuclear plants are expensive to build but relatively cheap to run,” says the World Nuclear Association , which represents the industry. “Once a nuclear plant has been constructed, the production cost of electricity is low and predictably stable,” it adds. The atomic age was predicated on the promise of unlimited energy, constantly available, which could be used to power pretty much everything. Sadly, the high cost of construction (and the cheap energy) dissuades investors from putting money in since there’s little guarantee of making their money back.
Clean and cheap energy should be a goal of every country, especially in a future where energy demand is expected to rise. And it’s worth adding that the price of nuclear power includes the cost of building and running the plant, as well as disposing of its waste products. Compare that to, say, a coal plant, where the environmental cost of its emissions are not part of the initial price, and the figures are unfairly skewed. Given the enormous toll of climate change, it’s likely that, overall, nuclear energy is far cheaper. A German coal-fired plant looms over an open-cast mine.
Over the last four decades, three of Europe’s major economies have serendipitously played out a large-scale experiment in the benefits of nuclear power. France and the UK have similarly sized populations and economies, while Germany is proportionally larger. All three are neighbors in northern Europe, with roughly similar climates and are, for now, generally regarded as the “big three” countries in the EU.
If there is one difference, it’s that each country adopted a different energy source as the basis for their electricity generation. This is, admittedly, a generalization, but Germany opted for coal, the UK chose gas , and France went in hard for nuclear. Look at data from the World Bank , and you can see how these energy policies impacted their carbon emissions from the 1970s until very recently.
In 1973, France and the UK emitted 9.667 and 11.746 metric tons of CO2 per capita, respectively, shortly before France began its transition to nuclear. By 2014, France’s emissions had fallen by 52 percent, but the UK’s had only dropped by 45 percent. Germany, which only started reporting post-reunification and has been far slower to decarbonize, has only fallen 24 percent since 1991.
The US Department of Energy’s facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory pointed out the obvious link between France’s lower emissions and its pro-nuclear stance. A 2011 report said that “extensive use of nuclear power has clearly curtailed fossil-fuel-related CO2 emissions from France.” In 2017, French President Emmanuel Macron affirmed his commitment to nuclear energy as a vehicle for decarbonization.
One tentpole argument against renewable energy is that power runs out on days when it isn’t sunny or windy, making it incapable of delivering base-load power. That’s the energy you can, and should, rely on being available 24/7, come rain or shine. Renewables’ intermittency is only partially true because a grid that mixes various energies will likely be able to switch between technology depending on supply. And work is continuing on developing cheaper, denser and more environmentally friendly batteries to level out intermittent supplies. Tesla has built “big batteries” in Australia and Hawaii, among other places, to store energy from renewable sources.
But batteries cost money, which can increase the price of renewable energy over that from fossil sources. Nuclear power could be used in their place, offering this base-load power to ensure the supply never runs out when renewables can’t keep up with demand. “[Nuclear] produces power basically 24/7,” said Mummah, “not only are you producing power for a million homes, you’re producing that level constantly .”
There are plenty of downsides to nuclear power as well, and it’s never been clear if the gains are more persuasive than the losses. Every energy source has its own problems: Burn fossil fuels and you’ll get heat, which we can harness, and toxic materials released into the atmosphere, which we can’t. Renewable equipment, like solar panels and batteries, will degrade the longer they are in use, even if it takes decades to get there.
Nuclear power is no different. Nuclear fission creates fission products, everything left of the original fuel after the reaction has subsided. Because these elements, like uranium, have had their atoms smashed around, it’s not uranium anymore, but any number of elements from the periodic table. The one constant is that the material is highly radioactive, and it needs to be stored safely until its radioactivity can subside. A nuclear storage pond in which “spent” fuel rods are kept under water.
Storing nuclear waste essentially means immersing it in water until it has become less lethal, then burying it in concrete. “There are other ways to do this,” explained Dr. Sarah Jordaan, “but there has still yet to be a robust plan implemented, especially in the US.” The issue, domestically, is that the US has 90,000 tons of nuclear waste, enough to fill a football field about 20 meters deep. But the country has never come close to identifying a single disposal or long-term storage facility.
In the interim, the Yucca Mountain complex in Nevada was used to house a large quantity of this material, but that’s not a permanent solution. Katie Mummah feels there’s no need to bother, since “most of the material is still usable, but we don’t do [recycling of nuclear waste] in the US.” That would require the fission products to be chemically treated to separate them out, recovering usable uranium for use in the reactor. Waste reprocessing is possible; although it is only carried out in France, the UK, Russia and Japan (in the near future), in very small quantities .
Pete Wilkinson is an environmentalist and co-founder of Greenpeace UK, who sat on the UK’s Committee on Radioactive Waste Management. “We reported in 2007 and said that there were only two ways of dealing with radioactive waste, neither of which were satisfactory.” The panel found you can either store the fission products or dispose of them, with disposal being the “least-worst option.” But, Wilkinson adds, “the problems with disposal are legion,” and many of them are “show stopping.”
In the UK, “We have 500,000 cubic meters of radioactive waste,” says Wilkinson “a small proportion of it is going to be lethal for 250,000 years.” The concern is “new build waste will be far hotter and far more radioactive than the waste we currently have.” This would make storage sites a risk for natural disasters, as well as nefarious types looking to acquire dangerous materials.
The arguments against nuclear power often go hand-in-hand with those against nuclear weapons. Any country with the ability to enrich uranium and plutonium for energy production can, inevitably, also do the same to create weapons. “[Nuclear] technology can enable higher levels of weapons-grade plutonium,” says Dr. Sarah Jordaan, “although that has been addressed in various non-proliferation treaties.” Dr Jordaan is assistant professor of Energy, Resources and Environment at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington DC.
The UN Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons was opened in 1968 and came into force two years later. It stipulates that countries, 191 of which are signatories, do not create new nuclear weapons, but work together to promote peaceful uses of nuclear energy. But those countries that still have weapons technology, including the US and UK, are able to refresh their own stocks of these weapons. Pete Wilkinson feels that the driving force behind a push for new nuclear power is to keep “the experience alive in the workforce because [the UK] has to renew Trident,” the country’s nuclear deterrent.
Nuclear reactors are big, expensive and complex pieces of infrastructure, which is something many Western nations are struggling to build. In the US, for instance, building just a mile of subway in New York costs $3.5 billion and takes years as political will and money for these enterprises fade. “The US has lost its ability to build big infrastructure projects,” says Mummah, “we’re struggling with the economics to do this quickly and cheaply.” There’s also the risk that, because nuclear power has often fallen in and out of favor, there is less will for advocates and policymakers to push for it.
Dr. Sarah Jordaan says that the research into making nuclear power economically viable is “increasingly unfavorable.” In the UK, the new Hinkley Point C power station, currently under construction, is expected to cost up to £20.3 billion ($26.5 billion). In addition, the UK government agreed a high strike price — a form of guaranteed payment should energy costs fall. This price is £92.50 ($120) per MWh, and if energy falls below that cost, consumers will pay the top-up. The ruins of reactor 4 at Chernobyl, 2016
Windscale. Three Mile Island. Chernobyl. Fukushima. The major nuclear-power accidents in the UK, US, Russia and Japan are all infamous. Their names are burned on to our collective memories as shorthand for a massive disaster that cost the lives of countless people. No discussion of nuclear power can take place without reference to the accidents, both large and small. And Chernobyl will, once again, be in the news, as it’s the center of a new HBO miniseries starring Emily Watson and Jared Harris.
Public opinion has, however, been malleable and, in the absence of a disaster, gently trends favorably toward cleaner, greener sources of energy. In 2010, a year before Fukushima, the OECD polled people on their attitudes toward nuclear power. It found that opinions only hardened against nuclear power in the immediate aftermath of a disaster.
Researchers were interviewing Japanese people in the wake of the Tokai Mura incident, in which two people died during a radiation leak at a uranium-processing facility. Support for any nuclear power fell from 52 percent down to 32 percent, while the belief that all nuclear is unsafe rose to 78 percent.
“Countries will only be able to use nuclear energy if a well-informed public considers that its benefits outweigh its risks,” said researchers. “An opinion,” the paper added, “which is not yet widely shared in the countries polled.” But the report also found that, even in pro-nuclear countries, people felt the risks of the power far outweighed its advantages.
“There are substantial public concern questions, especially post-Fukushima,” says Dr. Jordaan. She added that the whole nuclear industry needs to deal with the issues around “economics and the management of spent fuel.” People believe that nuclear energy is dangerous, says Dr. Jordaan, and that nervousness can’t be dismissed, because public concern is a real issue.
Beyond the risks of a meltdown or other disaster, nuclear reactors are heavy pieces of infrastructure. Pete Wilkinson is currently running a group, Together Against Sizewell C (TASC). TASC’s aims are to oppose construction of a third reactor at the Sizewell complex on Britain’s Suffolk coast. “There are infringements on an area of outstanding natural beauty, road pollution, light pollution and a complete change of character in the area. It would also devastate [local nature reserve] Minsmere,” he said.
“There are a lot of people who you could accuse of being NIMBYs, (short for Not In My BackYard, a reference to people who oppose all construction near their home)” said Wilkinson, “but it’s not our position because we don’t believe that Sizewell is an appropriate site.” TASC feels that Sizewell is too small a site to build yet another nuclear reactor given that it’s based on a piece of rapidly eroding coast. “Even the [UK] environment agency agree that, within a century, Sizewell will be an island because of climate change.”
The most enduring image of the effects of nuclear power in the last thirty years could very well be Blinky , the three-eyed fish from The Simpsons . Because Springfield Nuclear Power plant is a light-water reactor, it perpetuates the notion that water nearby is irradiated. Unsubstantiated stories of three-eyed fish being pulled out of lakes by power plants all cite the supposed truth that the animated sitcom had uncovered. This all helps to push the notion that nuclear power should never be touched, immaterial of the truth.
The trailer for HBO’s Chernobyl has all of the things you’d come to expect from a series focused on nuclear power. A Geiger counter clicking, droning atonal music, abandoned brutalist buildings, people scarred with the burns of radiation sickness, bodies piled high. The most notable stories featuring nuclear power are all anti-war tracts like The Day After , Threads and When The Wind Blows . If you just believed what you saw on TV, then nuclear power is an act of environmental evil that no sane person would countenance. The nuclear reactors at Sizewell, on Britain’s Suffolk coastline.
Rather than simply dismissing all nuclear power out of hand, it can be instructive to understand why these disasters took place. “The first failure of Chernobyl was the design,” said engineer Katie Mummah. “They designed their reactor so that, if it heats up, the chain reaction increases,” she added, “and as it increases, you produce more heat.” Mummah says this design had the benefit of creating “more plutonium,” for Russia’s weapons ambitions. The second failure was to not build a containment building, a steel and concrete shroud around the reactor to prevent the release of hazardous matter. “If they’d had a containment building,” said Mummah, “then we wouldn’t have Chernobyl as we knew it.”
“It wasn’t one mistake that led to this, it was dozens,” said Mummah, adding that officials then indulged the whims of an engineer who wanted to test the reactor with the safety systems deactivated. In slowing, and then speeding up the reactor, the power level spiked, causing “a feedback loop.” That, in turn, caused the coolant to “flash boil,” which, coupled with a graphite fire, lofted clouds of radioactive material into the air. Due to the nature of radiation poisoning, it’s hard to get a solid idea of the number of people who died as a result of Chernobyl. Some reports put the direct death toll at under 100, but indirect deaths — caused by exposure to radiation causing aggressive cancers — are in the high thousands.
“Fukushima was another issue of design error,” explained Mummah, “but also an issue of human error.” The diesel generators, which provided backup power to the Fukushima Daiichi plant, were built underground, “at a level where, if flooding happened, it would be under water.” When a tsunami struck the plant, these backup generators were disabled or destroyed, impairing the plant’s many safety systems. If they had been sited higher, the disaster wouldn’t have played out, because the generators would have kept the reactor cool.
In addition, staff at the plant were occupied by issues with dwindling water supplies in pools used to cool spent fuel rods — nuclear waste. If they had caught fire, radioactive material would have been blown over the surrounding area, potentially risking many lives. Officials then devoted attention to that over managing other dangerous elements of the disaster. “It’s something that our nuclear industry has learned a lot from,” says Mummah, “all of the reactors in the US now have tons of back-up infrastructure that is especially intended to prevent an event like Fukushima.”
It’s not clear if the pros of nuclear power outweigh the cons, but it would help if there was some sense of what a viable alternative would look like. Rather than a “one-size-fits-all solution,” says Dr. Sarah Jordaan, “a large number of different sources,” would be the ideal future of our energy. Both Jordaan and Wilkinson talked about the need for a smart grid, which can switch between power sources based on availability. The pair also talked about the need for better efficiency measures, making all our devices sip rather than gulp at power to stop so much energy being wasted.
Of course, if there’s one thing nuclear power can do, it’s to give us a free pass on thinking about our power consumption. We can buy our electric vehicles and gigantic refrigerators without considering if there are cheaper and more efficient ways of doing things. In a nuclear world, we don’t have to plan how and when we use our devices and can leave the problems of spent fuel storage to the next generation. But, if there is a reckoning coming over how we consume power, isn’t it worth doing that now?
Image Credits: Sad Polar Bear, Victim of Climate Change (Patricia Hamilton via Getty Images) German Coal Plant (Ina Fassbender via Getty Images) Nuclear Cooling Pond (Steve Allen via Getty Images) Chernobyl Reactor Four (Blinoff via Getty Images) Electric Car Charger (nrqemi via Getty Images)
Images: Patricia Hamilton via Getty (Polar Bear), Ina Fassbender via Getty (German Coal) Steve Allen via Getty (Cooling Pond) Blinoff via Getty (Chernobyl) Nrqemi via Getty (Electric Car) By Daniel Cooper @danielwcooper
After training to be an intellectual property lawyer, Dan abandoned a promising career in financial services to sit at home and play with gadgets. He lives in Norwich, U.K., with his wife, his books and far too many opinions on British TV comedy. One day, if he’s very, very lucky, he’ll live out his dream to become the executive producer of Doctor Who before retiring to Radio 4. 1545 Shares

Tacos & Tequila Fest; Cinco De Mayo; Dirtybird BBQ: SoCal Weekend |

community corner Shared from La Jolla, CA Tacos & Tequila Fest; Cinco De Mayo; Dirtybird BBQ: SoCal Weekend Looking for things to do this weekend in Southern California? Patch has you covered. By Susan C. Schena, Patch Staff | May 3, 2019 11:37 am ET | Updated May 3, 2019 11:39 am ET {{ replyButtonLabel }} Reply {{ replyCount }} The 5th Annual Tacos, Tequila, and Beer Festival celebrates the best tacos, tequila and craft beer in San Diego, CA. (Shutterstock) SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA – Don’t sit inside this weekend! Patch has rounded up fun, interesting and entertaining events throughout Southern California – from the southernmost tip of San Diego, through Orange and Riverside counties, to the beaches and valleys in Los Angeles.
Some are free. Some have a fee.
Whether you opt for an activity close to home or a mini day trip, see what’s on tap this weekend from Saturday, May 4 to Sunday, May 5.
ALSO SEE : Cinco De Mayo Steals & Deals At Restaurants In California 2019 Double-check with event organizers to confirm dates, times and locations in case activities were updated since posted on Patch.
LOS ANGELES COUNTY: Movie in the Park: Wonder Woman : Agoura Hills
Los Angeles Jewish Film Festival Special Event – With Food! – Beverly Hills
Red Bridge Arts & Traverse Theatre Company’s BLACK BEAUTY : Beverly Hills
John Wayne Cancer Institute’s La Odisea-34th Annual Odyssey Ball : Beverly Hills
A Faery Hunt Enchanted Adventure : Brentwood
Feathers, Flippers, and Fur Picnic : Calabasas
Annenberg Space for Photography Presents Photoville LA : Century City
Free Concert At The Wende Museum : Culver City
Taste Of The Nation : Culver City
Teddy Bear Concert “Meet the Woodwind Family” – Eagle Rock
Bird LA Day 2019: Moore Lab of Zoology Bird Walk & Mini Exhibit : Eagle Rock
Soccer World Cup Story – Film “Back to Maracanã” Premiere @LAJFF : Encino
THE MARVELOUS WONDERETTES: Glee Club Edition : Glendale
Montrose Kids & Kritters Day : Glendale
You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown : Glendale
MedSpa Mother’s Day Event : Hermosa Beach
Crash Course in Jewish History : Hollywood
VIBE W Rooftop Cinco De Mayo Weekend Viva La Fiesta : Hollywood
Cinco De Mayo PubCrawl : Hollywood
Best of La Verne – Sundays at the Morgan -University of La Verne
Rafael Liebich, Solo Piano : La Verne
Take Out the Trash No-Tap, A Bowling Fundraiser : Lakewood
Daylong ‘Cinco De Maya’ Fest: Fuego, Hotel Maya, Long Beach
Dirtybird BBQ & Bands L.A. 2019: Exposition Park , Los Angeles
Effervescence Festival: Gala Dinner: Jar , Los Angeles
Amazon’s Treasure Truck – “Pup Fest” – Los Angeles
Kentucky Derby Party at Redbird Garden : Los Angeles
“Shelter” Exhibit Opening & Activities: Debs Park , Los Angeles
Ten Thousand Birds on Bird LA Day : Los Angeles
Garden Conservancy Open Days Garden Tour – Los Angeles
DTLA’s Little Tokyo – Asian Pacific Film Festival : Los Angeles
The Immediate Family Live at The Mint LA
LMU’s Theatre Arts Department Presents the New Works Festival : Los Angeles
Free Composting Class : Manhattan Beach
Mira Costa High School presents The Drowsy Chaperone : Manhattan Beach
Jane’s Walks – Explore the Park and History of Manhattan Beach
Cinco De Mayo Cruise : Marina del Rey
37th Annual Historic Homes Tour : Monrovia
Swing! A World Premiere Musical : North Hollywood
Eat|See|Hear Outdoor Movie: Ferris Bueller’s Day Off : North Hollywood
Free Guitar Concert featuring Richard Smith : Palos Verdes Estates
Political Satire: “The Capitol Steps” : Pasadena
Vintage X Artisan Market at One Colorado : Pasadena
Robot Remix: sp[a]ce gallery at Ayzenberg , Pasadena
Beethoven Symphony No. 5 : Pasadena
LA Children’s Chorus Presents “I Raise My Voice” Spring Concert : Pasadena
Bird Day LA Activities: Rancho Palos Verdes, Rolling Hills Estates, San Pedro
Student Entrepreneur Fair @ TKG : Redondo Beach
May Fishtivites: Succulent Planters : Redondo Beach
Mayor’s Breakfast Ride : Rolling Hills Estates
Audubon Bird Walks in the San Fernando Valley
Cinco De Mayo PubCrawl : Santa Monica
Dorothy’s Adventures in Oz : Santa Monica
Free Shredding Event : Sherman Oaks
Art & Comic Invasion : South Gate
Family Movie Night : South Gate
Weaving With Wildflowers : Studio City
DYLANFEST 29- Hosted by Andy & Renee & Hard Rain : Torrance
Historical Venice Cinco de Mayo Parade Festival : Venice
Venice High School Alumni Swim Meet 2019 : Venice
Cinco de Mayo Pop-Up Party: Gracias Madre , West Hollywood
5th Annual A Cappella Jam : Westwood
Interact Theatre Company Performs “Ripcord” (LA Made 2019) : Woodland Hills
ORANGE COUNTY: Soka University’s 18th Annual International Festival : Aliso Viejo
Family Fun at the Center: Voices of Hope Children’s Choir : Costa Mesa
Cinco de Mayo Festivities at Tackle Box : Costa Mesa
Celebrating Moms at SOCO + The OC Mix : Costa Mesa
May the Fourth Be with You: Pretend City , Irvine
Celebrate Cinco de Mayo: Pretend City , Irvine
Basset Hound Rescue of Southern California’s Annual Spring Games : Irvine
OCBD Sunday Brunch : Laguna Beach
2nd Sunday in the Chapel Cinco de Mayo Celebration: St. Isadore Historical Plaza , Los Alamitos
Solar Education Series : Mission Viejo
Community Garage Sale : Mission Viejo
Lahaina Galleries’ 43rd Anniversary Show Fiesta : Newport Beach
Book Signing with Lisa Grable, 100 Need-to-Know Tips for Young Women : Newport Beach
Succulent Heart Containers Workshop with Onita Castillo : Newport Beach
2019 Taste of Orange – Premier Tasting Event: Old Towne Orange
Mary Colby Tea & Fashion Show: Casa Romantica , San Clemente
D. Yoder Family Sundays: Casa Romantica , San Clemente
Santa Ana Sites Presents Two Pints from Abbey Theatre : Santa Ana
Raptor Ramble in the Wetlands : Seal Beach
RIVERSIDE COUNTY: JDRF One Walk for Type One Diabetes : Lake Elsinore
Jazz Festival 2019 : Moreno Valley
Solar Education Series: Library , Murrieta
Train Day 2019: Living Desert Zoo , Palm Desert
Meet & Greet + Book Signing with Organized Jane : Palm Desert
Library Presents Cozy Cup Crafters Guild : Perris
Broadway In The Park with Barn Stage Co. : Temecula
Annual Special Games 2019: Great Oak H.S. , Temecula
Charity Craft Fair & Kids Carnival at Vail HQ : Temecula
SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY: May the Fourth be With You at Victoria Gardens : Rancho Cucamonga
SAN DIEGO COUNTY: Kiwanis Village Faire Pancake Breakfast : Carlsbad
Annual Spring Village Faire : Carlsbad
Huge, Annual Garage Sale at Carlsbad Community Church : Carlsbad
Author Talk: The Joy of Living With Lisa Druxman : Carlsbad
Rady Hospital Auxiliary Tabletops & Tea Fundraiser 2019 : Del Mar
San Dieguito Garden Club Annual Plant Sale : Encinitas
Landscape Debris Compost Workshop : Escondido
Butterfly Jungle: SD Zoo Safari Park , Escondido
BCAN Walk to End Bladder Cancer : Escondido
Free Talk: Meaningful CHANGE for Ourselves and the World : La Mesa
Dance Break 2019: MiraCosta College , Oceanside
Instrumental Jazz Festival – Jazz Bands: MiraCosta College , Oceanside
MiraCosta College Car and Motorcycle Show : Oceanside
Cinco De Mayo Trail Run : Poway
Poway High Alumni Association Golf Tournament : Rancho Bernardo
Social Dance – Trilogy Ballroom Dance Studio : Rancho Bernardo
Cinco de Mayo Celebration 2019: Old Town , San Diego
Tacos, Tequila, Beer & Music Festival 2019: San Diego
Kathy’s Legacy Foundation’s Pizza Run 5K : San Diego
Miracle Babies 11th Annual Superhero 5K and Family Fair : San Diego
Del Sur & 4S Ranch Monthly Community Market : San Diego
Seussica l: San Diego
Rally For Science -Waterfront Park , San Diego
MetroDemic : San Diego
Lilac Festival : Santa Ysabel
Elks – Cinco de Mayo Party : Vista
VENTURA COUNTY: Documentary: The Forgotten Ones: The Story of Yugoslav Jewry : Thousand Oaks
Heading to Northern California? Then see: Honey Festival; Cinco De Mayo; Dirtybird BBQ: NorCal Weekend
Want to post your next neighborhood event on the Patch? We do too! No matter how big or small it may be, if it’s local, it has a place on the Patch calendar.
Posting an event is as simple as 1, 2, 3. Here’s how to do it:
Create a Patch account and sign up to post your own local content on Patch, totally free. It’s probably the easiest thing you’ll do all day. Make a Calendar Event and fill it with all the awesome info that people need to add it to their list of things to do in their neighborhood. Choose a fun image to upload and most importantly – have fun with it! It’s your event, and the possibilities are endless. Post it on Patch! That’s it. Get ready for RSVPs. You can post your event for free to a single Patch, or if you really want to get the community’s attention, you can feature your event for $1 per Patch per day. When an event is featured, it receives priority placement on the local calendar as well as on the homepage, article pages, our daily newsletter and our weekly calendar events newsletter.
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5 Dirtybird BBQ & Bands L.A. 2019: Exposition Park, Los Angeles May 6 2019 Restaurant Week: Pasadena May 9 INTERFAITH: The Musical -Special One Night Only Performance May 9 Studio City, CA News Battle Rages Over Bill Extending LA’s Last Call BeachLife Festival – Saturday Saturday, May, 04 at 12:00pm

Facts: African Cultures And Weddings

by PH May 4, 2019, 1:07 pm
All around Africa,traditional weddings are ceasing to exist with the standardization and civilization of the so called White Western African weddings. The article beneath is to demonstrate you the significance and the lavishness of African weddings.The marriage between the prospective groom and bride is an exceptional festival of the characteristic coherence of life in all aspects of Africa. In every one of the networks all over Africa, the lady of the hour assumes an exceptional job and is treated with greatest regard since she is a connection between the forefathers and the unborn child and is the most significant piece of family. A bride of the hour may bear a very powerful and solid child which is so significant for Africans. In certain spots of East and South Africa the lucky men’s family move to the brides’ town since they think this procedure is so significant for their bride of the hour to be upbeat and to make a healthy family. Ethiopia
In Ethiopia the Karo people usually enhance a young brides beauty by tattooing and painting her body with different African symbols. In Ethiopia most marriages are negotiated by the two families sometimes with a civil ceremony sealing the simple contract. In those ceremonies a priest may be present. After the marriage divorce is allowed but this must also be negotiated.
The girl in marriage is paid housekeeper’s salary, and is not eligible to inheritance, but children from the marriage are legally recognized and be entitled to inheritance. Priests may marry but not eligible for divorce as well as remarriage. The Wedding procedure starts while using grooms side sending any representative who request the marriage between their parties. Then an appointment is given plus a verdict on the marriage. Before the wedding the Dowry is provided as agreed. On the wedding morning the groom and three to four “bestmens” goes to the brides’ house. At the house the ladies
family ceremonially block the entrance on the house. The associates must play strongly and force their way into your house. The first “bestman” contains sprays and perfume everywhere at home while the bride’s family play songs. Christian marriages, mainly in Amhara and Tigray places, are often arranged from the parents of the special couple with lots of negotiation. According to tradition in addition to culture the bride have to be virgin when the marriage occurs and this is old traditional ritual . Because the bride virginity will be highly valued and pleasure in Christian marriage, with everyone in your house being shamed if the bride is not virgin at marriage.
Normally the Massai girls of Kenya grow up with other children of their own age and normally form good relationships with them but when it comes to marriage women are given to a man that they don’t know and is important for this person to be much older than bride. At the ceremony the father or brother of the bride spits on the brides head as a blessing and then she leaves the house with her new husband walking to her new home. This can be a very sad and boring experience for the bride, because most of the time is 13-16 years old and may walk a long way to get to her husband’s house.
The particular Swahili of Kenya shower brides in sandalwood oils and tatoo henna designs on her behalf limbs. A women elder, or somo, gives instructions towards the bride on how for you to please her husband. Sometimes the somo may also hide under the bed in the event there are any issues! In a small city called Lamu, situated away from the coast of Kenya, lives several Swahili Muslims. In this community the weddings might be going on for an entirely week with a great deal of festivities consisted of performing, dancing and food. But these festivities are celebrated separate for men and women and for children too. After the “real” wedding the bride is shown in public places, with a so-called “kupamba”. Wedding ceremony is always happening the evening after the wedding and it’s the grand finale from the passage rite, in that your young bride enters your married women’s world. In Kenya the kupamba has grown to be more popular of numerous reasons, but one of the reason is the belief that it is a chance for women to meet and socialize without their husbands.Today this particularly ceremony has grown to be more in focus than some in years past when the kuinngia ndani (the entry) was the main attraction. It is a ceremony once the groom is walking down the streets to satisfy his bride and next complete first phase from the wedding.
If the enter this party they all take off their African American veils and underneath they’ve got beautiful dresses and wonderful haircuts etc. Another problem with this kupamba is a large number of families almost ruin themselves just every single child have this party because of their daughters. In some cases the mother from the bride, female relatives and neighbors ought to help out with the foodstuff and devote themselves for making the food some days prior to the ceremony. The musicians and food in African weddings costs a lot of money.
People in Niger most of the time court their cousins for marriage. Before marriage the male cousins wear special and powerful amulets which are supposed to show and heighten their attractiveness to the girl. First the family of the groom gives their “bride price” to the bride’s family and then the couple is consider married. After this a bride stays with her husband until she becomes pregnant, then after she becomes pregnant she returns to her father’s home. Here she will remain for the next 3-4 years. Bride will deliver her baby at her mother’s home and since that moment she becomes a “boofeydo” which in African literally they use it to name people who has committed an error or something bed.
While bride is considering “boofeydo”, she is not permitted to speak or see with her husband or anyone of his family. It is a traditional African sin for him to express any interest in the newborn child or in his new wife. After 2-3 years, bride’s mother will release her to see and speak to her husband. She still will not be permitted to live with her husband or to bring her child with her until the mother can purchase all things that are needed for her home and in the end when these items are purchased, than girl is allowed to go in her new house and live with her husband, and normally taking her child with her.
The Himba people of Namibia have a special and unique way to take a bride to their house. They first kidnap a bride before the ceremony and then they dress her in a leather marriage headdress decorated with beautiful African jewelers. After the marriage ceremony she is brought into her father’s house where the family tells her what are her responsibilities as the wife and in the end they anoint her with butterfat from cows. This process of the wedding shows that she has been accepted into the family.
The Ghana marriage is a traditional ceremony where the groom accompanied by his family goes to the bride house and formally asks for the bride’s hand in marriage in the presence of friends, family and well-wishers. The traditional Ghanaian ceremony is a necessary common rite of all marriages for all Ghanaian couples. Today in Ghana , a lot of couples perform this alone as a marriage Ghanaian ceremony. All couples in this place try to make their marriage ceremony as much traditionally as they can because this rite is so important for their culture.
The Ghanaian weddings bands starts with the “knocking” (kokako) around the house. In this knocking ceremony the future husband together with his daddy and some elder family members visits the brides house to announce their relationship intentions. Most of the time this ceremony is carried out a week or two ahead of the actual marriage ceremony.
The knocking (“kookoo ko”) comes from the Ghanaian tradition of knocking on the entrance of a house before entering as being a visitor. For the knocking ceremony the groom’s family members brings along two wine bottles on alcoholic drinks, some money and cola to the property to present to this brides family. (Libation is really a traditional form of prayer on the ancestral spirits and God). In way back when, and to date, the drinks are widely-used to pour libation. In those ceremonies when the drinks are presented, spokesman designated through the grooms’ delegation formally requests the bride’s family regarding permission to enter the property and announce their goals. Then if drinks are accepted then it means permission has been granted on the visitors to state their intentions. The spokesperson will explain in the many lyrical language, that this groom, has seen a “beautiful flower” in the house of the brides family that she desires and would like to “uproot” that flower, not necessarily steal, from its keeper, hence they are here to look for the brides hand inside marriage and inquire about what is required in order to make that flower his personal.
In some situations family may ask the groom or his family to come back at a set later date because they like to see: a) if the family has no genetic disabilities or chronic illness in the family b) if family has a good reputation in the city and of course good incomings c) if he has no illegitimate children or girlfriend or has another marriage . d) if the groom is of good and lovely person and well matched to the new bride
For the set date the groom themselves and his family, in conjunction with invited guests show up early for the brides house. First husband family sits on one side, while the brides family sits on the reverse side facing each other. Guests from both family begin the big event with a prayer and also introductions. The grooms family will start by presenting the dowry and all the other items on the list one, by one. With each stage, the items are checked to be sure everything asked on the list is being presented. Negotiation is possible in the event the grooms family feels an excessive amount of is being asked of these. The bride is not present in most of these proceedings. After this husband, although present, does speak in most of these proceedings as all the actual speaking and negotiation is conducted on his behalf because of the designated spokesperson by his family.
In Nigeria which is located in West Africa, a husband never calls his new wife in her name. Only the women’s own children and relatives are allowed to use her name and this name is only for unmarried girls. If other people want to learn a married woman’s name they have to ask her husband to tell the name that her first family gave to her, and use that.
Dancing and singing are two of most important fragments in the wedding in this country and they are always combined with different big feast. The new bride is kept in a special hut where have to wait till her new husband is let inside. Before this husband has to give tobacco and chicken to the guest and when all have got those kind of products he goes the brides’s hut and since this moment the marriage is announced.
In the first day of marriage they kill a goat for the bride and the blood of this goat is poured over the hut. After this brides women comes and asks her daughter if she is pleased with her husband.
Then the dancing starts again and the drums call make visitors come and they give the bride anything at all to see her experience and another penny intended for camwood to rub the woman body. In Nigeria marriage is seen as a bound between blood relations and are also considered as very crucial.Today the traditional African-American weddings are dying and are also becoming more like the actual Western-style church weddings. This has essentially become norm in Nigeria currently. Even though people are born and raised in Nigeria they may be still likely to get a Western-style white wedding in the expense of a correct African wedding. ALSO READ Ghana Wants Strenghtening Of Bilateral Ties With Nigeria
The reason behind this can be the Eurocentric missionaries and the Nigerian Church who influenced the African and the Church groups. Some people in Nigeria still live with old traditions and are preforming the traditionally ceremonies for they weddings.
After a week from wedding, next step in the wedding process is the meeting with the two involving families where they investigate and organize launch or dinner for each other.At this process next step is to donate some gifts to the new bride’s family, consisting mostly of yams, cattles or some money. After this process the bride is considered married to the groom and since this day she is member of his family. A long time ago there was must for the bride to be a virgin before the wedding, but in those times there are some exceptions but even today pregnancy outside of marriage is considered shameful.Polygamy marriages are legal and exist in country of Nigeria, but the Christian religion forbids it. Those marriages have though become less common in Nigeria those days. Maybe this happens due to the fact that a man in Nigerian marriages is responsible to provide for his family and in this place to provide for a family is a little bit expensive and the economic situation in this place it has become less common with polygamy marriages. South Africa
Many Zulu virgins converge on the Enyokeni Zulu Royal Palace in September on a yearly basis to celebrate the Umkhosi woMhlanga (Reed Dance Festival). In african wedding the Reed dance is definitely an activity that promotes chastity among virgin girls and respect for women. The festival is perhaps the annual festivities on the calendar in the Zulu nation. During the Reed show up the virgins fetch the reeds from the river and bring these to the palace for your royal king, King Goodwill Zwelithini in order to inspect. During the Reed show up the virgins fetch the reeds from the river and bring these to the palace for your royal king, King Goodwill Zwelithini in order to inspect. To many, this ceremony helps you to preserve the custom involving keeping girls as virgins right up until they get married. It was within this festival that the Zulu California king chose his youngest better half. An in a state ravaged by loose morals and HIV/AIDS it is just a cultural buffer which contains back loose morality in addition to promiscuity, thus giving women power over their bodies and thus self-respect in addition to dignity.
Tswana Marriage Customs This Tswana (Setswana) speaking persons of Botswana and South Africa employ a marriage ceremony which begins that has a delegation from the groom’s side approaching the bride’s side in a elaborate ceremony which takes place early every day. The delegation which involve an even number of men and women enter the compound in the bride’s family. Bride carry perhaps the dowry or labella on the heads and proceed to the compound crawling on their knees. Boy delegation approaches one of many several gathers of men which are representing the bride. These men are in a number groups at the flames. There is a ceremonial fresh air of tension. When the party on the fire greet the groom’s delegation they only reply that has a rubble acknowledgment. They deliver gifts such as whisky in addition to a sheep which is to get slaughtered for the celebration to visit. The women wait on the knees and the bride’s bash calls them “enemies” in addition to ceremonially treat them that has a slight contempt because they’re there to take an affiliate of their family out.
The lobolla include things like blankets (always), undergarments, along with other useful things which can be delivered and inspected by the bride’s representatives. By the fire the particular men discuss at size the lobolla and make a deal and sing praises on the husband to be. Nowadays money replaces cows as well as R6000 (South African Rand) may well represent one cow. Thus a typical dowry could be 10 cows, my spouse and i. e. R60, 000 Following your negotiations are completed the complete delegation enters the house and is accommodated with refreshments. All people that where in the party return to their home and return later inside day for a lavish celebration along with a meal. The bride’s parties need to give a sheep as a return offering process, but in modern times for practicality sometimes money is employed to represent this reward. In Tswana culture wedding culture the man purchases a bed and that is pre-delivered to the bride’s loved ones house. Boy in those ceremonies must remain there until they can provide a house with regard to his new wife. They are expected every day to vacate the property at 03: 00 each morning and avoid being seen by some of his in-laws. In Africa this is asked encourage him to give a new home for the new family.
In Somali which is located in South Africa, marriage laws are practically same like Muslim marriage laws. In this place a man may have four wives. Boy in this place may become engaged to a girl even before she is born by making an arrangement with girls family. This “engagement” in some cases is arranged between the girl’s guardians or parents, and is clinched by some small present from the man to them as a token and price of finality.
Should the man die his following of kin may marry the woman on making a small further payment. If she refuse this alliance another must be found to take the bride place, or the yarad be returned to the deceased’s estate. The marriage is generally celebrated by the Kathi or Sheikh, and at the ceremony the quantity of dowry-or mehr, as it’s called here is to be settled within the wife by her partner is recorded. In Somalia traditional culture the mehr may consist of anything-generally stock-and need not be paid during the time, but it is a very important matter for the woman which it be clearly defined. Should she be divorced the girl husband must hand to be able to her the mehr decided on at the marriage wedding service. Should he die she gets first claim on his estate for my child settlement, which is quite besides any subsequent share with the estate she is eligible to as deceased’s wife. Even so, should she refuse to be able to marry her deceased partner’s next of kin or possibly a man of his group chosen by his folks, she forfeits all privileges to both her mehr and share with the estate. This is roughly the basis of Somali marriage legislation.
In traditional culture of Sudan the new husband must pay 30-50 cattle, and afar this the marriage is completed only in the moment after the wife has born 2 children. If the wife only bears 1 child, the husband can ask her for a divorce and he can also ask for either the return the first child or the cattle. In this place process of divorce therefore is very difficult and so complicated. Other interesting fact about Sudan traditional weddings is that if a husband dies then his family must provide a brother to the widow and all children’s that are born to the brother are considered the deceased’s children.
Zulu wedding
The Zulu in Africa wedding takes many forms and shapes. In those weddings usually the bride changes her dress more than three times on her wedding day because she has to show off to her in-laws how beautiful she is in different dresses and different colors.
Although it isn’t a Zulu custom for the bride to wear the white wedding dress, nowadays brides prefer to do this. The Zulu wedding takes place at the church, and during this time the bride is wearing white. After church the wedding ceremony occurs at the bridegroom’s property. The bride changes in to traditional outfit. During this ceremony the family of the groom slaughters a cow to demonstrate that they accept the bride inside their home. During the traditional wedding the parties from your bride and the groom’s facet compete through Zulu dance and songs. The bride puts money into the stomach of the cow as you move the crowd looks on. It is a sign that she is now section of the family. In Zulu parties the wedding ceremony ends with the bride giving gifts in the form of blankets to her brand new family, including the expanded family. This tradition is termed “ukwaba”. The family cover themselves with the blankets in an open up area where everybody might find. Even the long-deceased close relatives receive gifts and are represented because of the living ones. The spectators ululate, shout, and dance for the family.
The traditional Wolof wedding ceremonies in Senegal, the parents of the husband-to-be sends elders to the bride parents with money and kola nuts to ask for her hand in marriage. The bride parents consult with their daughter and together they consent to or reject this proposal. If this proposal is accepted, the parents of the bride-to be distribute the kola nuts present among the neighbors’ and family. This part of wedding is an informal way of announcing the impending of new wedding.
In more traditional practices, the groom to be’s family paid the girl’s bride price as money. This Senegal tradition, may be modernized and dowry is usually paid in money, cars or perhaps houses. After the completion on the new groom’s obligations, the two families set being married day. Before the big day, the groom’s family provides party to welcome their daughter-in-law in order to prepare her to be living with her new family. The elders and imam advise the groom with the presence of the some representatives on the bride’s parents. Weddings traditionally occur at the groom’s house. Parents receive guests with drink and food (but not alcohol), while guests bring gifts associated with money, rice, drinks, cruises, sugar, or spices. In those ceremonies people feast as well as dance with guests getting a griot (praise-singer) as well as giving further gifts towards groom’s parents.
The girl moves towards husbands (or his parent’s) house or compound, bringing utensils for cooking which she buys with the money from the bride price.
This marriage in Shona can be a process of several a few months. In those weddings in Shona, Roora” the same as South Africa’s lobola is paid in the similar fashion to South Africa and Botswana. This bride however, decides when to attend her husband. She goes through the night, with her female relatives escorting her. The day that she chooses for the wedding can be a surprise to the future husband. Bride in Shona weddings is covered in white from head to toe so that it’s impossible to see her. As she walks into the village, his family starts off ululating and dancing. Additionally family begins to prepare an impromptu party. The groom is located and told that his bride has arrived. The surprise is to find out how the groom’s family reacts with an emergency.
The bride, insured, walks through the total village, taking her moment. The villagers, all linked to the groom, encourage her and keep on walking. They less dense her. They throw money at her feet and they sing songs about how happy these are that their people will continue to exist because the bride has decided have babies for their own son. Bride is eventually escorted directly into her mother in law’s home where the girl with encouraged to take off of her veil with items and pleadings. A big party regarding dancing, and drinking begins and last and last long into the day. That is when the household gets to see their own daughter in law for the 1st time.

Stalkers Guide to Akkaphan Namart

Stalkers Guide to Akkaphan Namart Saturday, May 04, 2019 Akkaphan Namart อรรคพันธ์ นะมาตร์, his nick name is Om อ๋อม, born January 28, 1985, he’s also good singer Ruk Sorn Kaen Tonwah Love that was once pure transforms into fire that is ready to destroy anything in its way. At last, the 15 years of waiting for Papop (Paul Pattarapol), son of Poowadon (Santisook Promsin); owner of a famous hotel in Thailand, has come. Papop has counted his days and has waited with anxiousness to come back and demand justice for Doojdao (Mam Jintara), his mother that has been living in the hospital for over 5 years. Doojdao’s hatred and anger all transferred to Papop, whom understands that the reason why his mother has to accept this hateful destiny is because of a woman named…Duangjai (Panya Saisit) whose daugher is Namneung (Pat Napapa), a pretty young chef that does desserts for Poowadon’s hotel. Namneung waits in excitement to see Papop’s again…her sweetest brother. But she doesn’t know that her destiny will change forever because of him. Jao Ying Lum Sing he acted a long side with New Wongsakorn Poramathakorn & Savika Chaiyadej Jao Ying Kwanwarin is a princesses who is bored of her life of being told what to do and having people follow her every move. She escapes at night sometimes disguised as a boy to go out and live the life of a normal person. Nawee is a traditional Thai musician (Lum Sing) style of music. He’s trying to mix traditional and modern music together, but is not successful. He is asked by his former teacher to return to take over Lum Sing Tong. The place is in debt and they need to figure out a way to pay the loan sharks and start making Lum Sing popular again. The story opens when Jao Passakorn and his mother are plotting to take over. He drugs Jao Ying Kwanwarin but he is unsuccessful and gets stabbed by her body guard Rasamee. The punishment for stabbing royalty is death, so Rasamee and Kwanwarin escape. While they were escaping Warin ends up meeting Nawee again. One night out the Rasamee and Kwanwarin get seperated. Henchmen of the Jao Passakorn injures Rasamee and finds Warin. Warin ends up bumping her head and loosing her memory. Nawee feeling bad takes her to live with him at the Lum Sing Tong. Mon Ruk Kao Tom Mud Mon Ruk Kao Tom Mud Mon Ruk Kao Tom Mud (2009) He acted along side with Film & Pat The hectic love story of “Chor Muang” the chaotic granddaughter of Khun Yai Chaem Cheun the manufacturer of Tied Rice Gruel (Kao Tom) of Bangkok (Krung Thep). The Rice Gruel of Chaem Cheun is very popular all the way to all 4 corners of the city. She ships out to the many stores earning her number 1. Chaem Cheun has the talent in making the Tied Rice Gruel and she’s also talented in being a matchmaker. She’s been the key match maker to many relationships before. After being a matchmaker for many other people the time has come for her granddaughter who has held herself single and she is also very chaotic and feisty to the point where Chaem Chuen is afraid that if something were to happen to her then how will Chor Muang live by herself. This results in her coming up with a good plan to be a match maker for Chor Muang and Tong Chin the grandson of A Ma Gimmtor her best friend since they were young. Once Chor Muang and Tong Chin realize that they are being set into an arranged marriage they refuse with all their might no matter what they will not give in will not give in. Acted along side with Anne & Chakrit In “Sapai Glai Peun Tiang (Underdeveloped Daughter-in-law)”, Anne is a hot-heated cop in the Crime Suppression Division in Bangkok, her name is Lalin. Her family lives in Roi Et province. When she returns home to participate in a festival, she learns her seamstress sister Areeya (Jane Jensuda) was impregnated by guy from Bangkok. The family and especially Lalin wants this wannabe deadbeat daddy to take responsibility for his actions. The only problem, they don’t know who he is. Areeya refuses to disclose his identity. Prajan Lai Payak (2010) acted along side with Weir & Aum Pachrapa Jun Chai, the daughter of a police officer, harbored vengence eversince she was a child from seeing her father shot to death in front of her eyes by a gang of drug dealers. Just like Parn Deun and Tiwa, who also came from a police family and had their father killed the same by the drug dealers. Nuan, Parn Deun and Tiwa’s mother took Jun Chai in as her adopted daughter. The three children loved each other very much as if they were all blood siblings, and the two younger kids looked up to Jun Chai as the older sister who would take care of her younger siblings. Acted with Jooy Nol Ratsamee is a heartbroken, woman hating, completely introverted, angry, handsome young man. His former girlfriend screwed him over and left him for his best friend and took his money. His depressive state and views on love and women, garners the attention of his younger sister who is very concern, so she teams up with her bubbly/cheerful best friend Reuangrin Narokmon to find him a girl and to make him be ‘happy’ again. Reungrin moves into their home as maidservant to get close to Nol, to know his habits and likes, so that she can play his matchmaker. But a problem arises, Reuangrin begins to fall for Nol Bundai Dok Ruk (2011) Bundai Dok Ruk (2011) Acted along with Min & Sammy Cowel Tupe and Tien are twins who are the exact opposite. Tien is carefree and a total playboy–or so he seems. Tupe, however, is a stern guy who is a workaholic and doesn’t care for any romance. So when Tien meets Krachao at a beauty pageant, it was like love at first sight–or so he thought. Tien’s mother got very worried and asked Tupe to fly back from Switzerland to deal with his little brother. Meanwhile, his father doesn’t really care and totally stays indifferent. Krachao didn’t exactly care for Tien thinking that he was just some drunk loser that she would never meet again. Plus, she didn’t have the time to deal with him anyway since she has a drunkard as a mother and her father left to be with some other woman issues to deal with! Krachao’s mother keeps on pressuring her into finding a rich husband so that they’d be rich, hoping that Krachao’s father would come back to them. Krachao caves in and decides to go to work where Meegrob is working when she found out that the family have a single son! And you guess it, Tupe and Tien are the owners of the Rachinee Orchid Farm, the best and most well-known orchid farm in Thailand. A little mishap occurred that caused Tupe to believe that Krachao is a terrible woman. He tries in every way to get in between Krachao and Tupe in order to protect his little brother. Acted a long with Pancake Maneejan (Nicknamed: Manee) finds out that she can travel to the past through a mirror she bought at an antique shop. That mirror brings her to the place of Khun Luang Akarathep Warakorn, a government official who lived over a hundred years ago. Her appearance causes him and everyone in the house a shock. But with her wit, she gradually gains everyone’s favor. The more times she travels to the past, the more feeling she and Khun Luang develop for each other. But, what causes her to travel to the past? Why is she the one chosen? In that time when Thailand (formerly Siam) was under pressure from Western Colonialism, will she be able to do anything to help save the country? While the problem of the country must be solved, Maneejan also faces another problem – the mirror starts to break. She needs to decide whether to reside with the man she loves in the past or to go back to the future to continue living her regular life with her family and friends. Acted along with Cherry &nbap; Jai is a country sort of girl who is pretty bold while Jaokhun is a stuck up rich city guy. He is very shy and can’t stand being the center of attention because of a past experience and is still ridiculed by Matt for it. &nbap; Jai is delivering something to the city and runs into Jaokhun, where they didn’t get off to a good start when Jaokhun almost kills her with his car making her drop her last piece of pork. His girlfriend, Amy, is also cheating on him with his rival, Matt. &nbap; Jai still isn’t over her ex boyfriend, Goh, and keeps thinking about him. For his friend’s reality show, they want Jaokhun to go undercover and go to the country, however, they know he wouldn’t agree to it so Matt made a bet with Jaokhun, if Jaokhun can live in the country side for a month, he will do prostrate bow at Jaokhun’s feet & will stop making fun of Jaokhun, but if Jaokhun cannot live in the countryside, Jaokhun was to give Matt a prostrate bow at his feet. &nbap; Determined to stop Matt’s bullying, Jaokhun lied to his mom that he wants to go to England to continue learning, but he’s actually going for his friends Kong & King’s reality show. Now, a spoiled rich boy has to live in the country for a month without even knowing that he’s on national television. Acted along with Mik, Note Watcharabul, Fluke, Ko (Vasin Asvanarunat), Rotmay (Kaneungnich Jaksamithanon) Four brothers: Preuk, Pupah, Meka, and Aroon all love Wong Deuan and try to win her heart. Preuk, the eldest of the brothers, is the most understanding and of course, most mature. He becomes the next owner of the Saen Samut, who was founded by his grandparents. Meka, who takes after his father, is a doctor. Aroon, who is the youngest, is the weakest and has an illness. He is also self-centered because he knows all of his brothers like Wong Deuan but he wants her to himself. Pupah, on the other hand, our pra’ek, is the playful and outgoing one. He feels useless around his family because everyone has their own occupation but he doesn’t. One day after an incident, Pupah gets kicked out of the house by his father and goes to live far out in the country, which is the land secretly given to him by his grandmother. Right before he leaves, he asks Wong Deaun to run away with him but Aroon fakes a sickness to prevent Deuan from going. The competition for Wong Deuan continues as more people are entangled in their story. Ubathteehet (2012) Acted along side with Aum Patcharapa Visanee is perfect in terms of status and money, but throughout her life she never felt loved because her parents got divorced and her father send her to study abroad. When she came back to Thailand, she decided to stay with her mother (a drunkard who only cares about money and gambling). Visanee also starts to work in her father’s car company as Aroom’s secretary. Aroom’s girlfriend, Niranut, doesn’t like Visanee and does everything to drive her away from him. She even cut the brake cable on Visanee’s car, but the situation changed when Niranut was hit by the car and Visanee became a murder. Now, Aroom wants revenge against Visanee for killing his girlfriend. Wan Nee Tee Ror Khoi (2013) Wan Nee Tee Ror Khoi (2013) Acted along side with Thisa Two people who lost touch over the years and have found each other again. Om is playing a prince who had to flee his country along with is mother and adopted sister Marnfah (Chat)–his father was being overthrown by his uncle. They had no choice but to leave their mother country to Thailand where they were separated to face their own destinies. Om grows up under the support of a Hong Kong businessman and he becomes a successful businessman himself. Marnfah was sent to live with a military family in northern Thailand. Her name was changed from Marnfah to Bralee. At the present time, she has just graduated from a school in the United States and has decided to visit a friend in Hong Kong. This is where she will meet her long lost prince. Instead of her friend picking her up, she is picked up by Jao San (Om), a man her father does business with. As for him, he knows exactly who she is, her complete background that she is Marnfah–the young lady he has been keeping a watchful eye on out of concern. So they meet again. As the story progresses, our exiled prince has to decide whether he wants to join the rebel forces to restore his throne and honor OR be satisfy with having the love of his life be by his side and to give him support for the rest of his life. Jao Sao Salatan (2014) Jao Sao Salatan Acted along side with Kwan Usamanee When Khemika discovers she has a twin, Kwanta, and that her twin has gone missing, she poses as Kwanta to find out what happened to her. Chanon, Kwanta’s husband, is conflicted by his unfaithful wife’s reappearance. Hurt by her infidelity, he can neither forgive nor forget, but deep down, he still loves her despite his claims otherwise. When Chanon finds himself falling for his wife “again,” will he survive being deceived again? Will Khemika be successful in her quest, and what happens when she starts falling for her brother-in-law? Hua Jai Teuan (2014) Acted along side with Kwan Usamanee Park was mistreated by his stepfather and he mistaken that his mother doesn’t love him so he ran away from home at a young age. He was helped by this rich man who took him in as a son. Amawasee is the niece of Park’s stepfather. She was sad when Park left because he was nice to her and she has feeling for him. Years later Amawasee meets Park again as the man who brought the house his stepfather put on sale because the family was having financial difficulty due to Park’s younger brother. Amawasee knew that he’s her P’Park despite his cold demeanor but Park refused to accept that he’s P’Park, calling himself Raj Rutchapbumi now. Then Amawasee was forced to marry his younger brother by her uncle. She agreed as a way to repay her uncle for raising her. After Park knew about the wedding between Amawasee and his brother he kidnapped her to his farm. He told her kidnapping her is part of his revenge against his family but really he didn’t want Amawasee to marry his brother because he loves her. He blamed Amawasee as well for turning him into a cold and heartless person who has no family. To keep her by his side he must pretend to hate her but he knows she’s the only person who has always been kind to him. She’s the person who will mend his broken heart and patch things up between him and his family. This one is one of my all time favourites, I can watch it non stop without getting bored, they had a great chemistry Dung Sawan Sarb (2015) Dung Sawan Sarb (2015) Dawan is the only daughter of a rich business man and is completely spoiled. She is a famous playgirl, who likes to go out with different men. Her hobby is trying to get attention from men, especially the one with girlfriend. Before her father die, he makes a conditional will. Dawan must marry Karn, his best friend’s son. Otherwise, she will not get any inheritance. So Dawan and Kan get engaged. Two year passes by and Dawan still didn’t change. Later, She gets into a car accident. After the accident, she losses her memory. Dawan becomes a very nice girl. However, because of her rotten past, most people hate her and they try to take advantage of her. The least of Aom lakorns, I have dropped & started rewatching it then drop & rewatch & drop again, hopefully sometime this weekend I can complete this lakorn, and that’s just for the sake of Akaphan Rak Rae (2015) Rak Rae He played along with Pancake in this lakorn Ramin, the praek was the secretary of the ambassador in Vienna and meets Wayoon, a scholarship student there studying language. Because of his rich and successful background, he was taught that every woman that came into his life was just after his money. He thought Wayoon was those women as well. So he starts to court her. Wayoon falls for him sincerely later on. He has feelings for her too and they end up sleeping together. Wayoon later finds out that she’s pregnant and goes to tell him but he tells her to get an abortion. His aunt propose to give her with money not bother nephew anymore. Upset and heartbroken, Wayoon is about to get an abortion but has a dream about a little girl calling her mom so she decided to keep the baby. She continues to go to school pregnant; but her best friend, Nicholas, helps her through her classes and pregnancy. Nicholas also secretly has feelings for Wayoon too. After giving birth to a girl, Wayoon graduates and become the translator for the UN where years later she meets Ramin once again who is now the Thai Ambassador. Ramin still loves and misses Wayoon but believed that she had an abortion but later finds out she kept the baby and has a 3 year old daughter. He wants to reconcile but it wasn’t going to be easy since Wayoon isn’t very forgiving him and she is now with Nicholas. ~~ Based on a novel by Sopak Suwan, same author that wrote Fah Jarod Srai & Mai Sin Rai Fai Sawat. I cried my eyes out on this one, one of my favourite Aom Lakorns. Atitha (2016) He played along with Now, sorry can’t find any synopsis for this lakorn Look Mai Klai Ton (2016) Look Mai Klai Ton (2016) On her death bed, Supa tells her daughter Rasa, that twenty years earlier, while working as a maid, Supa was tricked by her boss Chalerm into sleeping with him, in order to rescue her husband from jail. As a result, Rasa’s biological father is Chalerm, the owner of a jewelry company. Rasa is angry and vows to make Chalem, her father, bow at her mother funeral and apologize. Chanon is the son Chalerm’s friend Panin, who is also the owner of a jewelry company. He is engaged to Chalerm’s nice younger daughter, Sasi. He distrusts all women from a very young age, ever since his mother ran away with a worker at their company, abandoning her rich lifestyle, her husband Panin, and her two sons Chanon and Apirak. Chanon learned to have a cold cynical heart while protecting his gullible father, naive younger brother, and sweet and innocent Sasi. When Rasa shows up at the Chalerm’s company, demanding to see him, Chanon pegs Rasa as a con-artist, especially when he finds out that his younger brother Apirak, has fallen in love with her. As Rasa tries to get acknowledged by Chalerm, she gets entangled in Chanon’s life, who himself is trying to deal with the resurfacing of his cheating mother. The more they see of each other, the more the cynical Chanon and the determined Rasa get attracted to each other. Paragit Ruk Series 1-Paragit Ruk Series: Niew Hua Jai Sood Glai Puen (2017) As captain Jinwat along side with Louis Hesse, Weir Sukollawat Kanarot,Mik Thongraya,Saran Sirilak,Peak Pattarasaya Kreursuwansiri 2-Paragit Ruk Series: Ratchanawee Tee Ruk (2017) As captain Jinwat played along with Sammy Cowell, Weir, Mik Thongraya,Saran Sirilak, 3- Paragit Ruk Series: Meu Brap Jao Hua Jai (2017) As captain Jinwat played along with Kwan Usamanee , Weir, Mik Thongraya,Saran Sirilak 4-Paragit Ruk Series:Yeut Fah Ha Pigat Ruk As captain Jinwat played along with Weir, Mik Thongraya,Saran Sirilak,Stephany Auernig La Ong Dao (2017) La Ong Dao Played along side with Now.. Korakot Benjarong came back from the USA immediately after hearing about the death of Dr. Krai Benjarong, his father. On the first day he arrived Thailand, Lord Autthawatee, the family’s lawyer, informed him about the will that his father had prepared. The condition in the will stated that he would get his father’s entire asset only when he marries La Ong Dao, a girl who was adopted by Dr. Krai since she was born. However, Korakot had never met with La Ong Dao before because he was sent to study in the USA since he was a child, while she was sent to a boarding school in France. The only memory Korakot had about La Ong Dao was that she was “a chubby and grumpy little girl.” Now, he will be surprised to find out that La Ong Dao had grew up into a beautiful lady with her heart full of dignity. Mae Ai Sae Eun (2018) Mae Ai Sae Eun (2018) A story of Daonin, a poor country girl who was tricked to work as a prostitute in Bangkok. Just as Daonin’s life could not get any worse, she was picked up by a talent spotter who groomed her into a highly sought after superstar. Seduced by her new-found fame and fortune, Daonin refuses to acknowledge her poor family and past livelihood for fear of losing her status. Lies started to pile up, leading her into a corner where she has no choice but to face the consequences of her actions . Nang Thip (2018) Rawipreeya is an angel who lives in the sky. She wants to know about human life, but doesn’t want to leave her astral body. So she decides to possess the body of Parita, who can see Rawipreeya’s spirit. Parita is usually a weak and naive girl, but she became strong and clever after Rawipreeya possessed her body. Pathorn, Parita’s college professor, is interested in ghosts and spirits. In an attempt to prove the existence of supernatural forces, he is ready for anything. And Rawipreeya, who does not fear this topic at all, starts to help him. But when Pathorn finds an ancient ring that belongs to an evil spirit named Thipchai, the people surrounding him begin to mysteriously die. Thipchai was a princess in the end of Ayutthaya who died during the war. Pathorn is the reincarnation of her lover. When the connection between Rawipreeya and Parita is weakened, Thipchai possesses Parita’s body so she can be with Pathorn. Reun Manut (2019) (Upcoming Lakorn) Dum is the uncle of Chaiyaporn, he takes care of his nephew because his brother doesn’t have time. Then his nephew gets a girl pregnant. He must be involved with this as a parent. He meets Nitima, aunt of that girl, and falls in love with her because of her kind and smart personality. Nitima is the aunt of Pimrot, she has to do housework and take care of her niece at the same time. She handles everything about her niece’s unexpected pregnancy. Kiaw is a girl who grew up in the slum, she’s uneducated and ambitious. Her mother Sai taught her to do everything for money and pushes her to seduce Plao (Nitima’s rich brother and owner of the house she was hired to work as a maid) in order to live a comfortable life. Insee Daeng (2019) (upcoming lakorn) That’s what I could be able to find about this lakorn This chapter conducts a critical analysis of the 2010 Thai superhero film Insee Daeng (The Red Eagle), the remake and re-launch of a series of 1960s Thai films built around this character, who fights corrupt government officials and their shadowy underworld in 2013 Bangkok. Through close textual analysis of the film itself, plus an overview of the wider context in which it was produced and released, this chapter indicates that, while the film and the reincarnation of its central figure appears very much in keeping with the conservative ideological agenda of New Thai cinema, the “extreme” nature of its central figure and its depiction of Bangkok can be considered quite progressive in attitudes and approaches during a very divided period of political turmoil. The film’s close relationship to recent political events as well as its unusual status as an adaptation of an older superhero figure indicates how diverse social developments can affect the incarnation of the superhero figure. source : *image source: google

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  1. Lionel September 27, 2019

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